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Success and failure of dieting

RESTRAINT THEORY ­ HERMAN & MACK (1975)

The Restraint theory `was an attempt to explain both the causes and consequences
associated with the cognitive restriction of food intake. They suggested that
attempting not to eat actually increases the probability of overeating.

BOUNDARY MODEL ­ HERMAN…

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enzyme produced by fat cells to help store calories as fat. LPL also makes it easier to
regain lost weight.

THE ROLE OF DENIAL

Research in cognitive psychology has shown that attempting to suppress or deny a
thought frequently has the opposite effect. WEGNER suggests any attempt to
suppress thoughts…

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and satiety signals rather than the development if inappropriate attitudes to food
(e.g. denial or restraint), which have been shown to be ineffective at weight control.

A meta-analysis of the effectiveness of anti-dieting programmes (HIDDINS & GRAY)
found that they could improve both eating behaviour and psychological well-being,
and led…

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calorie-rich they were. Bananas and potatoes are rich in calories and were most
preferred by 4-5 year olds. This supports the claim that humans have an evolved
preference for calorie-rich foods.

PREFERENCE FOR MEAT - GOOD FOR BRAIN GROWTH
A meat diet was full of densely packed nutrients and therefore…

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and preferences. HOWEVER, although cultural differences do exist, they are
usually a fine-turning of evolved food preferences that are found in all cultures.



TASTE AVERSION
TASTE AVERSION CAN BE EXPLAINED by biological preparedness. Differential
learning abilities in different species has the ability to learn certain associations
more easily than others;…

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