Essay Plan for Sexual Selection and Parental Investment

To be used when user already knows the content of the course.

This is an abbreviated essay plan which i used in preparation for my A2 Psychology exam for the AQA exam board.

This was made to refresh memory and for structure.

It is probably not what you're looking for if you want to know details of each study.

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Kerri
  • Created on: 16-11-12 12:12
Preview of Essay Plan for Sexual Selection and Parental Investment

First 340 words of the document:

Essay Plan 4 ­ Gender differences in Sexual Selection and Parental
SEXUAL SELECTION: Define Intrasexual selection: males compete for females
Intersexual selection: females pick those with best
traits/advantages traits/advantages to pass on to offspring
Men evolved mechanisms to ensure success of ST mating:
Casual Sex and seeking it earlier ­ male adaptation to pass
on as many on as many genes as possible ...
m) potentially unlimited number of offspring
f) one per year at a max
$ Buss (2007) ­ Less time elapse before having sex, larger
amount amount he can impregnate.
Men lower standards for ST s [Buss & Schmitt (1993)] &
show decreased show decreased attraction after sex ­ evolutionary
adaptation adaptation to prevent spending too long with one woman
$ Clarke & Hatfield (1989) ­ approach strangers on college
campus and campus and ask 1 of 3 Qs ... go on a date, go back to apartme
apartment, have sex?
m) 50% 69% 75% agreed f) 50% 6% 0% agreed
Shows m) evol adaps (sex with strangers, seeking sex early)
Synoptic - Sample ­ college students of same age/class & at most
fe fertile
Culture bias ­ CCs would not respond in same way due t
to upbringing
LT s/marriage partners ­ what m/f look for [Buss (1989)]
f) ambitious men/good financial prospects (can provide)
m) young & attractive(fertile & healthy, easier to control)
both) ... intelligent (make good parents), kind (interest in LT
LT LT), dependable (help in times of need)
Synoptic - Sample ­ 10,000 pps from 37 cultures
W Kenrick et al (1996) ­ Teenage males attracted to those 5
yea years older despite them showing no interest and diff to control
Synoptic - Sample ­ Teens, don't want LT, can't generalise
Females choice varies throughout menstrual cycle
$ Penton-Voake et al (1999) ­ LT ­ fem faces, ST ­ masc faces
Masc = high levels of testosterone which suppresses im
im immune system, so healthy despite this must mean good IS

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Strong IS is a good trait to pass on to offspring.
Best mating strat ­ marry fem faces man (good parent) and
h have affair with masc faced man when most fertile to ensure o
ensure offspring with best genes
Links with cuckoldry in PI as men are at risk of providing for
o offspring that are not theirs.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all resources »