Essay on coastal erosion on the holderness coast

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How Do Geomorphic Processes Affect the Holderness Coast?
The Holderness Coast
The Holderness Coast is on the east coast of
England and is 61 km long. It begins at
Flamborough and the southern end is Spurn
Point. The shape of the land is curved inwards
ending in a spit at the Humber estuary. It is
one of Europe's fastest eroding coastlines,
losing about 2m each year (2 million tonnes)
and has receded by 200m in the last century.
Main industries in the area include fishing
(mainly crab and lobster), tourism, farming, a
gas terminal and, in the case of Spurn Point, a
position for light houses. The chalk and soft
clay cliffs of the Holderness Coast are
important habitats along with marine habitats
at Flamborough Head. The cliffs are
designated as a Special Protection Area (SPA)
for birds.
There are a variety of different types of rock along the Holderness coast
including chalk (a resistant rock), boulder clay and river deposits (less resistant
rock types). There is a band of each of these rock types on the coast, starting
with chalk in the north, boulder clay in the centre and the area around the
Humber estuary being made up of fluvial deposits.
Hornsea is a small Victorian resort town
about halfway down the Holderness coast, to
the east of York. Historically, it was known for
pottery production and is now the location of
the largest freshwater lake in Yorkshire. This
makes it a suitable home for over 250
species of birds and also provides a tourist attraction for those who wish to go
sailing or fishing. Also, the beach has been awarded the blue flag, meaning it

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Being built on softer boulder clay; Hornsea is susceptible to coastal erosion
and, like the rest of the Holderness coast, is eroding at a rapid rate. The coastal
defences began in the early 1900s. The economy of Hornsea is dependent on
tourism so to protect the beach, there are groynes in order to trap sediment
moved along the coast by longshore drift, maintaining a wider beach. In order
to deflect the waves away from the
beach, a concrete sea wall has been
built.…read more

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The softer rocks are eroded quickly, forming
bays, whereas the hard rocks take longer so they stick out, making headlands.
It is home to some of the most spectacular chalk cliffs in Britain. It is an area
popular to bird watchers, hikers and other outdoor enthusiasts due to the
amazing scenery and large variety of wildlife.…read more

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Mappleton is no longer moved along the coast, again causing an artificial
headland effect.
Farmers on the stretch of coast
directly south of Mappleton suffer
financially due to their land
decreasing rapidly. Some have had
to destroy farm buildings where
livestock were kept and there have
been instances where cattle have
been standing on parts of cliffs
which fall away, taking them with it.
People living in this area have received no compensation as insurance
companies will not pay out for the effects of erosion.…read more


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