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Erosional Landforms

Along a coastline there are features created by erosion. These include cliffs,
wave-cut platforms and wave-cut notches. There are also headlands and bays,
caves, arches, stacks and stumps.
Cliffs, wave-cut platforms and notches
One of the most common features of a
coastline is a cliff. Cliffs are shaped…

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The bands of soft rock, such as sand and clay, erode more quickly than those of
more resistant rock, such as chalk. This leaves a section of land jutting out into the
sea called a headland. The areas where the soft rock has eroded away, next to
the headland, are…

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Weathering and erosion can create caves, arches, stacks and stumps along a

Caves occur when waves force their way into cracks in the cliff face. The water
contains sand and other materials that grind away at the rock until the cracks
become a cave. Hydraulic action is the predominant…


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