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The Environmental Impacts of Mineral Exploitation

Exploration
Exploration of land can involve land clearance and vegetation loss.

Land impacts
Extraction may cause conflicts with other land users

Habitat loss
The loss of species where the mineral is to be extracted is unavoidable.
Removing of wildlife by capturing the animals and…

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Can be reduced by compaction of spoil.

Traffic congestion
Road traffic from the mine can cause congestion and road traffic accidents.
Can be reduced by using routes that avoid urban areas or by building separate access routes
or using alternative methods i.e. railway

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