Enviromental and Medical issues

Enviromental and Medical issues

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Key Word Meaning
artificial injecting semen into the uterus by artificial means
conservation protecting and preserving natural resources and the
creation the act of creating the universe, or the universe which has
been created
embryo a fertilised egg in the first eight weeks after conception
environment the surroundings in which plants and animals live and on
which they depend to continue living
global warming the increase in the temperature of the Earth's atmosphere
(thought to be caused by the greenhouse effect)
infertility not being able to have children
in-vitro fertilisation the method of fertilising a human egg in a test tube
natural resources naturally occurring materials, such as oil and fertile land,
which can be used by humans
organ donation giving organs to be used in transplant surgery
stewardship looking after something so it can be passed on to the next
surrogacy an arrangement whereby a woman bears a child on behalf of
another woman or where an egg is donated and fertilised by
the husband through IVF and then implanted into the wife's
Global Warming
The fact that the Earth is warmer now than it has been for over a thousand years.
The three warmest years on record have been all occurred since 1998 ­ and
nineteen of the warmest twenty since 1980.

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Causes of global warming
The Greenhouse effect
Caused by human activity
Burning fossil fuels (gas, coal and oil) produces carbon dioxide
This produces a barrier in the atmosphere rather like the glass in a
greenhouse so the heat from the sun can get through but cannot get back out
again, thus causing the Earth's temperature to rise.
In one sense, the greenhouse effect has always been there and indeed is
necessary for life to exist on Earth.…read more

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The waste produced by humans in the form of sewage, refuse and litter is a
major form of pollution and threat to the future of the planet
As the world's economy grows so does the production of waste
Litter has led to an increase in the rat population - 70 million in the UK
alone - rats bring deadly diseases
Litter also chokes man animals, causing thousands of bike and car accidents
when it is on roads, and it's estimated that a fire breaks out…read more

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Some scientists think we can halt the speed our resources are being used if
we recycle them e.g. paper
Other scientists think we have to conserve more energy e.g. insulate our
homes, turn off electrical products ­ no standby
Others think we should find different resources e.g.…read more

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Embryo donation
Why infertility treatments are important:
Infertility has become more of a problem in the West with as many as
12.5% of couples with fertility problems
Male infertility is a problem in the West ­ according to HFEA approx. 1.5
million men in the UK alone have fertility problems
In 2007, 12% of all births were a result of fertility treatments
It's human nature to want to have children ­ to maintain our species.…read more

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Pioneering surgical methods which could be used to cure diseases by the
use of artificial organs
Some arguments against include:
Very expensive ­ it uses a lot of NHS money on very few patients
Raises problem of when are people dead
Encourages sale of organs to west from LDCs
Different attitudes to transplant surgery in Christianity
Most Christians agree with transplant surgery as long as the organs have not been
bought from the poor because;
Those who believe in immortality of soul believe your body…read more

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Example exam questions:
What is stewardship? (2)
(b) Do you think global warming is a big problem?
Give two reasons for your point of view. (4)
(c) Explain why some Christians agree with fertility treatments and some do not.
(d) "All religious people should carry a donor card."
In your answer you should refer to at least one religion.
(i) Do you agree? Give reasons for your opinion. (3)
(ii) Give reasons why some people may disagree with you.…read more


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