English terminology with description

English terminology

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  • Created on: 10-05-11 18:47
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Phonology
Metaphor A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is
applied to an object or action to which it is not
literally applicable.
Simile A figure of speech involving the comparison of one
thing with another thing of a different kind
Hyperbole Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be
taken literally.
Adverb of Manner How the verb is done
Adverb of Time When the verb is done
How much
Adverb of Degree
Where the verb is done
Adverb of Place
Juxtaposition The act of positioning close together
Oxymoron A figure of speech in which apparently contradictory
terms appear in conjunction e.g. Cold Fire
Taboo Language Language deemed inappropriate in particular
customs
Salutations A gesture or utterance made as a greeting or
acknowledgment of another's arrival or departure
Semantic Field A grouping of words that mean very similar things, o
relate to a specific topic.
Idiom Group of words established by usage as having a
meaning not deducible from those of the individual
words (e.g., raining cats and dogs) Similar to a cliché
Adjective Describing word
Comparative Compares one thing to another e.g `more beautiful'
Superlative Of the highest degree possible
Personification The attribution of a personal nature or human
characteristics to something nonhuman, or the
representation of an abstract quality in human form
Intensifier e.g `So'
Imagery Visually descriptive or figurative language, esp. in a
literary work: "Plath uses imagery to create desolate
emotion".
Pronouns Possessive, first person etc. singular and plural
Synonyms word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the
same as another word or phrase in the same
language, for example shut is a synonym of close

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Phonology
Antonyms A word opposite in meaning to another (e.g., bad an
good) another term for binary opposite.…read more

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