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The play `'Macbeth'' is about witches and Lady Macbeth influencing Macbeth to kill the king. The play
was written in 1606 for James the 1st after the gun powder plot by Guy Fowkes. Shakespeare makes
Lady Macbeth like the fourth witch because he wanted to use her as a scapegoat therefor he shows
that she isn't the normal kind of woman from those days, also Lady Macbeth is really ambitious and
likes to tell Macbeth what to do, she wants to be higher up and therefor calls up spirits. James the 1st
believed in witchcraft and hates witches, so Shakespeare made that the main theme of `'Macbeth''.
His message to the audience was, if you try to kill the king, you will suffer through a painful death.
The audience at the time would appreciate and like the play because its full of suspense and
excitement, and also they believed in witches and thought it was real so it would've been successful
for Shakespeare back then.
An important aspect of this play is how the witches are evil. We see this when one of the witches talk
about the captain and says she will `'drain him dry as hay'' for him to crash the ship, Shakespeare uses
the word `'drain'' to make it sound more painful and the first thing the audience would think of is evil
and pain which shows aspects of evilness and being a witch, this also shows the audience that their
evil because she wants to kill lots of people. Lady Macbeth shares the same quality and we see this
when she talks to spirits and says `'fill me from the crown to the toe top-full of direst cruelty'' this
shows that she talks to the supernatural and that she wants to be evil. Shakespeare uses the word
`'cruelty'' because the first thing the audience would think of when they hear cruelty is bad and
evilness, or killing so they would be frightened and that would link back to that she's a witch and
witches are evil and mean. This also portrays Lady Macbeth as the fourth witch by saying `'unsex me''
which means she wants to be a man so she can do the job herself and kill the king. Shakespeare has
shown that lady Macbeth was evil and as a witch because in those times they believed in witchcraft
and it was illegal and that would create and exciting and scary feeling for the audience. In those
quotations I think Shakespeare is very successful in showing Lady Macbeth as the fourth witch by the
language and words he has chosen to use, they are very powerful against audience from those days
and he represented her in a totally different way woman were represented back then.
Another important aspect of this play is how the witches conjure spirits. We see this when the
witches say the spell `'the weird sisters, hand in hand, posters of the sea and land, thus do go about,
about; thrice to thine and thrice to mine and thrice again, to make up nine, peace! The charms wound
up'' this shows that they are calling spirits and making potions. Shakespeare uses the word `'weird''
because the first thing the audience would think of is not normal or maybe not human which could
represent witchy-ness and so that could link back into them being the witch sisters. Lady Macbeth
shares the same quality and we see this when she says `'you murdering ministers, whenever in your
sightless substance you wait on natures mischieve'' this shows that she is talking to spirits and she is
just like a witch. Shakespeare uses the word `'murderer'' because when a audience hears that they
would think of killing or death, and a men job from those days so why is she talking about murder?
Which would link back to her being the fourth witch. This again portrays Lady Macbeth into being the
fourth witch by saying `'come, you spirits'' which shows again that she is conjuring spirits. I think that
quotation makes her more like a witch because she is talking about calling the spirits up which shows
that she talks to the supernatural and normal humans wouldn't be able to do that. Shakespeare did
this because he wants to show the audience that she is the fourth witch and she is someone to blame.
The audience can relate to this because they believed in witchcraft so they would feel frightened.
The language Shakespeare uses was successful because it's talking about spirits and that's what
scares the audience.
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Another aspect in the play that Shakespeare has used is that the witches are frightening. We see this
when one of the witches says `'here I have a pilots thumb'' this shows that they are violent and have
probably killed the pilot to get his thumb or harmed him.…read more
Here's a taster:
Macbeth he isn't a coward. I think those quotes really show how she is trying to influence Macbeth
with the words and Language Shakespeare decided to use, such as `coward' and `pour my spirits' this
links back that she is the fourth witch because she is finishing the job the three other witches were
trying to make Macbeth do.…read more