English Literature - Poetic Terms

A list of poetic terms which could come in handy for the unseen poem on the WJEC english literature paper 

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English Poetry Terms
Accent
Prominence or emphasis given to a syllable or word.
Alliteration
The repetition of the same or similar sounds at the beginning of words
Analogy
Analogy is a likeness or similarity between things that are otherwise unlike.
Antithesis
Words and phrases with opposite meanings balanced against each other.
Apostrophe
A figure of speech in which someone dead, nonhuman or absent is spoken to as if it were
alive and could reply
Assonance
The repetition or a pattern of similar sounds
Blank verse
Blank verse is in unrhymed iambic pentameter, in which there are five iambs to a line.
Caesura
A grammatical pause or break in a line of poetry
Couplet
A pair of lines that are the same length and usually rhyme and form a complete thought.
Dialect
Dialect refers to pronunciation of a particular region of a Country or region.
Enjambment
Enjambment is the continuation of a sentence form one line or couplet into the next.
Euphemism
The use of a soft indirect expression instead of one that is harsh or unpleasantly direct.
Form
The generic term for the organising principle of a literary work.
Hyperbole
A type of language that depends on intentional overstatement. Exaggeration.
Imagery
Imagery draws the reader into poetic experiences by touching on emotion and senses
Irony
Irony is a situation, or a use of language, involving some kind of discrepancy.
Metaphor
An example of a metaphor is 'drowning in debt'.
Onomatopoeia
A figure of speech in which words are used to imitate sounds.
Persona
Persona refers to the narrator or speaker of the poem, not the author
Personification
Personification means giving human traits to nonhuman or abstract things.
Quatrain
A stanza or poem of four lines.

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Refrain
A phrase, line, or group of lines that is repeated throughout a poem, usually after every
stanza.
Rhyme
The occurrence of the same or similar sounds at the end of two or more words.
Rhythm
Rhythm is significant in poetry because poetry is so emotionally charged and intense.
Stanza
Two or more lines of poetry that together form one of the divisions of a poem.…read more

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