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Page 1

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A Christmas Carol

Scrooge
Cratchits
Three Spirits

Title
Allegory
Poverty and Wealth

Page 2

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Scrooge

Stave 1

'Hard and sharp as flint, from which no steel had ever struck out generous fire'
'secret, and self-contained, and solitary as an oyster'
'Bah!...Humbug!'
'many would rather die' (charity man) .... 'they had better do it, and decrease the surplus
population'
'without their visits...you cannot help to…

Page 3

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The Cratchit Family
-At the start of the novel, Bob Cratchit is only presented to the reader as the 'clerk' - which
could represent the way that the rich do not recognise the poor as being individuals with a
name; i.e. they're just the workers/servants of the rich
' to…

Page 4

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Stave One:

wrapped in a 'chain'
-warns Scrooge of what will happen to him if he does not take 'mankind' as his 'business'
Marley's Ghost 'You will be haunted...by three spirits'
-Warns Scrooge of what is to come/how he will go about his transformation, as human
actions have no affect…

Page 5

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A 'Jolly Giant' - have Scrooge's room a 'surprising transformation' - 'hanging with living
green' and 'fire in the chimney'
-reflects Scrooge's transformation - B Cratchit found it very surprising
-dramatic contrast to his dull, cold and lifeless room before
-this represents the abundance of Christmas
-represents the way Scrooge…

Page 6

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-contrast previous spirit who was large and happy
-sinister mood, connotations of death
- 'shrouded in a deep black garment...concealed its head, is face, its form'
-unknown, creates fear. Scrooge is afraid of the ghosts silence
-represents Scrooges uncertain future - mystery
'Scrooge bent down upon his knee'
-even more…

Page 7

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The Title - 'A Christmas Carol'


The words

First word 'A' - one story, many different carols
- Scrooge isn't the only one who acts like this - Dickens' message
'Christmas' - when the novel is set, when Jesus was born - could represent Scrooge's
Character was reborn
Christmas is…

Page 8

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was a boy' - tradition, importance of music
-importance of music in society, togetherness
this message is applicable to everyone - just like the message in a carol is universal

Time

In a song, the chorus is often repeated - Scrooge sees a repetition of his life
-he sees his…

Page 9

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Allegory

Scrooge
-represents the greedy and selfish rich

'secret, and self-contained, and solitary as an oyster'- chance for redemption
'Bah Humbug!' - his attitude to Christmas, sees it as being nonsense
'Scrooge had a very small fire'

Fred
-represents the cheerfulness at Christmas - the way it should be celebrated…

Page 10

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The Christmas Spirit

One of Dickens' messages he wanted to get across to the reader in the novella was the how he
wanted to the spirit of Christmas to return to how it used to be.

'What's Christmas time to you but a time for paying bills without money'?
-what…

Comments

Lottie :)

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This is really helpful thank you! x

Scott Jones

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really pleases with this!

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