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Stave 1
'Hard and sharp as flint, from which no steel had ever struck out generous fire'
'secret, and self-contained, and solitary as an oyster'
'many would rather die' (charity man) .... 'they had better do it, and decrease the surplus
'without their visits...…read more

Page 3

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The Cratchit Family
-At the start of the novel, Bob Cratchit is only presented to the reader as the 'clerk' - which
could represent the way that the rich do not recognise the poor as being individuals with a
name; i.e.…read more

Page 4

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Stave One:
wrapped in a 'chain'
-warns Scrooge of what will happen to him if he does not take 'mankind' as his 'business'
Marley's Ghost 'You will be haunted...…read more

Page 5

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A 'Jolly Giant' - have Scrooge's room a 'surprising transformation' - 'hanging with living
green' and 'fire in the chimney'
-reflects Scrooge's transformation - B Cratchit found it very surprising
-dramatic contrast to his dull, cold and lifeless room before
-this represents the abundance of Christmas
-represents the way Scrooge could be living if he wasn't a miser
-important to spread food around and be charitable
Scrooge entered 'timidly', 'hung his head' and 'reverently' did as he was told
-shows he has been humbled since…read more

Page 6

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Scrooge is afraid of the ghosts silence
-represents Scrooges uncertain future - mystery
'Scrooge bent down upon his knee'
-even more respectful of this ghost - out of fear, also has learnt the power of the spirits
'I am prepare to bear your company...…read more

Page 7

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The Title - 'A Christmas Carol'
The words
First word 'A' - one story, many different carols
- Scrooge isn't the only one who acts like this - Dickens' message
'Christmas' - when the novel is set, when Jesus was born - could represent Scrooge's
Character was reborn
Christmas is a time of togetherness and family relationships
'Carol' - a joyful song usually sung at Christmas and announces the arrival of the good news of
redemption - Scrooges transformation
Marley's ghost gave Scrooge chance…read more

Page 8

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In a song, the chorus is often repeated - Scrooge sees a repetition of his life
-he sees his future - has the opportunity to repeat it
There are bells in each stave - these mark the passing of time
-also music.…read more

Page 9

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-represents the greedy and selfish rich
'secret, and self-contained, and solitary as an oyster'- chance for redemption
'Bah Humbug!' - his attitude to Christmas, sees it as being nonsense
'Scrooge had a very small fire'
-represents the cheerfulness at Christmas - the way it should be celebrated
a 'kind, forgiving, charitable, pleasant time'- even though he is 'poor enough'
The Cratchits
-represent the deversing poor, give a face to the poor
'involuntarily applauded'
'thread-bare clothes darned up and brushed'
'nobody said or…read more

Page 10

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The Christmas Spirit
One of Dickens' messages he wanted to get across to the reader in the novella was the how he
wanted to the spirit of Christmas to return to how it used to be.…read more


Lottie :)

This is really helpful thank you! x

Scott Jones

really pleases with this!

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