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Personnel in the English Legal System 2013


Early jurors in England acted as witnesses providing sources of information on local
affairs. But they gradually came to be used as adjudicators in both civil and criminal
Gradually it became accepted that a juror should know as little as possible…

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Personnel in the English Legal System 2013

A jury can be refused if the judge feels the case involves complicated documents or
accounts or scientific evidence and is therefore thought to be unsuitable e for jury trial.

Juries in coroners courts:
In these courts a jury of about 7 to…

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Personnel in the English Legal System 2013


There are 30.000 lay magistrates who are also known as Justice of the Peace.
They usually set as a part of bench of three, for at least 26 and half days each year.


Issue warrants for arrest search…

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Personnel in the English Legal System 2013

Magistrates normally sit in the local justice are where they reside, this means
more knowledge of locals events, local patterns of crime and local opinions than
professional from outside the area.
The magistracy is cheap it would cost millions to replace them with…

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Personnel in the English Legal System 2013

Conducting the sale of a business
Preparing wills for husband and wife
Drawing up a character for local Working Men's club
Helping an employee prepare a unfair dismissal claim
Buying a house
Drawing up a contract between companies
Personal injury claims
Advising a…

Page 6

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Personnel in the English Legal System 2013

It would be granted if the solicitor already has experience of advocacy in the
Magistrates' Courts and the County Court, took a short training course and passed
examinations of the rules of evidence
Solicitors with an advocacy qualification are eligible to be appointed…

Page 7

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Personnel in the English Legal System 2013

All students have the Bar Vocational Course which emphasises the practical skills of
drafting pleadings for use in court, negotiation and advocacy.

The Role:
Barristers have rights to audience in all courts in England and Wales.
Even those who specialise in advocacy will…

Page 8

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Personnel in the English Legal System 2013

Written opinions:
In these opinions they give their views on matters such as the strengths of a case and
the weaknesses of a case, how a complex area of the law relates to a particular case,
and whether evidence is likely to be…

Page 9

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Personnel in the English Legal System 2013

In the last 20 years, that has been whereas in judicial review usage, especially with
housing and immigration.
Citizens see it more effective than tribunals.
Most obvious example is Gary McKinnon and the extradition case

Public Enquiries:
Normally held either to exam the…

Page 10

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Personnel in the English Legal System 2013

Where ministers decisions be reviewed by the judiciary, the government can
pass primary legislation which allows such policies and decisions
Judges cannot be proactive and must wait for the case to come before them
Judges are expected to maintain a low public profile…


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