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Language and Gender
Dominance Model

Jennifer Coates (1993) identified this approach. It sees women as an oppressed group.
She interpreted differences in women's and men's speech in terms of men's dominance
and women's subordination. It is a feature within men interrupting women.

Coates studied the key differences in male and…

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Differences in male/female talk are socially constructed so female language remains less
assertive and more polite. These features reflect women's inferior social status and made
women come across as indecisive and needy. Women's language is weak compared to
men and prevents them from being taken seriously.

Difference Model

Deborah Tannen…

Page 3

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Holmes (1984) studied women's language and thought that it was cooperative.

Holmes (2000) says that men have a higher status than women in the workplace, and also
find it easier to gain promotions.

Verb processes

Material Verb Process ­ men use this more than women. It is the Physical process…

Page 4

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Directives ­ words where speakers direct or elicit action by others. Usually takes the
question which invites an answer.
Reduplications ­ women use these more than men. They are parts of words
repeated for affectionate reasons e.g. teeny-weeny.
Lexical Asymmetry ­ refers to pairs of words that appear similar in…




Thanks, is very helpful



Thanks, is very helpful

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