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English Language Theorists/Researchers
Spoken Reading Writing Language Change

Theorist Main Points Language
Acquisition/Langua
ge Change
Chomsky Children learn language at a similar pace Acquisition - Spoken
Critical period ­ 2 to 7
Learn more language than needed
Human only characteristic
Share similarities ­ "universal grammar"
Language Acquisition Device (LAD)
Language…

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Jean Berko `Wug' experiment Acquisition ­ Spoken
Showed children a weird animal called a `Wug'
Showed a picture of two of the animals
If a child had learned plurals then they automatically
responded with "two wugs"

Ursula Negatives ­ 3 stages Acquisition - Spoken
Bellugi Stage 1 ­ uses `no'…

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Lev Play is linked to cognitive and social development Acquisition - Reading
Vygotski Young children use props as `pivots' to support play, but will
use their imagination as they get older
Also role-play adult behaviours

Catherine Children adopt roles and identities by acting out story lines Acquisition - Reading
Garvey…

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Differentiation ­ 9/10, awareness of writing as separate
from speech emerges ­ stronger understanding of writing
for audiences
Integration ­ mid-teens, `personal voice' in writing ­
controlled writing with appropriate linguistic choices made
(essay writing)

Rothery Categories for evaluating children's writing Acquisition - Writing
Observation/comment ­ the writer makes an…

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Set the tone for 18th century to making English a pure and
standard form.

Jean `Is our language in decay?' Language Change
Aitchison Damp spoon syndrome ­ language changes because people
are lazy (leaving a damp spoon in sugar) ­ gives it bad taste
Crumbling castle view ­ language is…

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danamustrevise

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So helpful for me thank u 

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