England 1660-1667

Notes on important dates/events for England 1660-1667.

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Charles II 1660-1667
Esther Lang
Date Event Comment
1660 Monarchy and church of England
Cromwell, Ireton and Bradshaw All of them were dead already, it was symbolic. Dug up and
executed. executed. Also executed a few surviving MPs who had signed
Charles I death warrant. Others went into exile.
Convention Parliament voted Charles An attempt to make a difference to the finances of Charles II
tonnage and poundage for life and an act and not to allow the situation of the personal rule to happen
abolishing feudal tenures (measures used again. Crown given a fixed annual income thought to be worth
during the personal rule) was passed. £1½ (compromise for losing feudal measures). Charles can't
make new taxes suddenly. Convention government not entirely
legal as they were not called by a King. Elections held in early
1660, vote to bring back the King.
The Navigation tax ­ broader than the Prevents Dutch ships trading in English ports ­ aimed to help
1651 Act. economy grow.
James, Duke of York, the King's brother, Clarendon became an important minister (wrote a famous book
married Anne Hyde the daughter of the on the civil war). Royalist supporter.
Earl of Clarendon.
1661 Fifth Monarchist Rising in London ­ it took Lead by Thomas Venner (nutter ­ thought Jesus was about to
3 days to put down a rising of about 50. come back ­ the end of world ­ branch of millenarians) went
around London killing people. When caught he was arrested
and executed. This was during new elections, there was a
reaction and people became afraid of radicals and voted more
conservative. Starts to undermine the tolerance that Charles
wants, conservative parliament create conservative acts
(Anglican). Made Charles weak ­ not able to deliver what he
promised. Most acts can link back to Venner's uprising.
Savoy Conference to discuss creating a
comprehensive broad-based church.
The Cavalier Parliament begins. A conservative parliament, start to attack religious freedom
from the start.
Corporation Act excluded from local Had to be part of Church of England to serve in local
government those who did not take the government ­ attacks Puritan part of the gentry.
Anglican communion.
Militia Act No one was certain who was in charge of the militia but this act
clear it up ­ King in charge of militia.
Act `against tumultuous petitioning' of Made protesting illegal.
King or Parliament by more than 10
1662 Quaker Act ­ empowered judges to Quakers not allowed to sign oaths. This meant Quakers could
present Quakers with Oath of Allegiance. be arrested for being a Quaker.
Licensing Act. Allows the King to censor the press. Stops the free press of the
Act of Uniformity ­ about 25% of parish Clergy had to accept new book of common prayer ­ Armenian
clergy found themselves unable to influences.
Hearth Tax ­ to top up the crown's It had been thought custom duties would be enough to cover
revenue to £1,200,000; only bought in the King's costs, but wasn't and Parliament wanted to keep the
1/3 of expected revenue. King happy. It was a progressive tax ­ more taxes ­ more
fireplaces. King going back to old financial ways.

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Charles II 1660-1667
Esther Lang
Henry Vane and John Lambert were put They were old Parliamentary generals (but refused to be part
on trial. Lambert had tried to raise a of Charles I execution) and refused to accept new King. Vane
rebellion in 1660. executed. Lambert spent the rest of his life in prison.
Clarendon sold Dunkirk back to the Cromwell had won it. Clarendon sold it with the King's blessing.
French. Got about £300,000, need the money.…read more

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Charles II 1660-1667
Esther Lang
The Declaration of Breda contained no specific promises meaning that Charles was free to do a lot of what he
wanted. Carried out the punishment of those who signed his father's death warrant. But failed to always
bring religious toleration.
There were pockets of the population that were against reforms.
Clarendon Code ­ helped to restore the Church of England, forcing out radicals, even Presbyterians.
Charles' successes.
Charles' failures.…read more


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