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Energetics...

System
This is the region which is being investigated. (The reactants and the products.)

Surroundings
This is everything that is affected by the chemical reaction. (The rest of the universe.)

A reaction that gives out heat to the surroundings is EXOTHERMIC
A reaction that takes in heat from the…

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Energetics...


Calculate the heat capacity of the Calorimeter
c = nH / T

q = cT

Hess's Law
The overall enthalpy change is independent upon the route taken.










Enthalpy of Formation
The enthalpy change when one mole of a compound is formed under its constituent
elements under standard conditions, all…

Page 3

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Energetics...

Increase the quantities used so values are easier to read for more accurate results.
Increase the accuracy of measuring the volume of water by using a burette.
Repetition of experiments.

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