END of the COLD WAR - IMPACT of REAGAN on US FOREIGN POLICY

the impact of President Ronald Reagan on US foreign policy with regards to the ending of the Cold War

a2 history with edexcel

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Preview of END of the COLD WAR - IMPACT of REAGAN on US FOREIGN POLICY

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What was the impact of Ronald Reagan on US foreign policy?
1. How did Reagan's foreign policy mark a fundamental change in US foreign policy?
Marked a shift towards a more aggressive, strident anti-Communist approach. He was ready to
pursue the so-called second Cold War with vigour on all fronts.
2. To what extent, however, can it be seen a continuation of a trend that emerged during
Carter's presidency?
The growing influence of Brzezinski as National Security Advisor. He was an aggressive, hard-line
politician.
3. Reagan is describes as using `anti-Communist rhetoric'. What does this mean and give an
example
It means he was ready to pursue the so-called second Cold War with vigour on all fronts e.g. the
Reagan Doctrine, Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Mujahidin
4. Reagan used a policy of `militarised counter-revolution' what does this mean?
Policies implemented to undermine the forces of Communism. It was a much more aggressive
strategy and included extensive re-arming.
Strategy Details of this strategy Advantages of this Disadvantages of this
strategy strategy
Increasing nuclear Increase military In order for the USSR It would require vast
arms spending. Defence to keep pace with sums of money and
spending was them they would face resources.
increased by 13% in bankruptcy. American Soviets could respond.
1982 and over 8% in military supremacy ­
each of the following 2 allow the USA to gain
years. New methods more meaningful
of deploying nuclear concessions.
missiles. Stealth
bomber and Trident
submarines. SDI ­ anti
ballistic missiles.
The Reagan Doctrine The policy of spending Weaken Soviet Union Not always popular.
assistance to `at the edges'. Often
anti-Communist Revolutionary forces counter-productive.
insurgents and would have a much Criticised by socialists
governments. greater military, and liberals.
Nicaragua ­ military aid political and economic
to the contras. cost. Few instances
El Salvador ­ with American troops.
unpopular right-wing
government facing
popular revolt.
Collaborating with Received support from Agreed to have US Without European
Thatcher Thatcher. nuclear missiles based bases, the pressure
USSR ­ `evil empire' in Britain put pressure would have been
Dubbed ­ the `Iron on the Soviet Union. diminished.
Lady' Target manipulated?
`I deliberately set out to say some frank things about the Russians, to let them know there were
some new fellows in Washington'

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