Emergency Proceedures

Notes on health and safety in sport and what do in an emergency

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Emergency Procedures
What to do:
Sportsperson collapses and appears unconscious
Ask: Am I in danger? Is the collapsed person in danger?
Make sure that everyone is safe. Send for medical help
Check response ­ `Shake and Shout'
Person is Conscious: Person is unconscious:
- Make comfortable - Put in recovery position
- Check Airways - Clear Airway
Breathing - Tilt head
Circulation - Face slightly downward
- Check for injury - Look, listen, feel for breathing
Emergency Treatment:
When a casualty has stopped breathing we can breathe for them and help
restart breathing by increasing CO2 levels in their blood. We do this by
giving MMV. CPR is used to restart the heart.
Mouth-to-Mouth Ventilation (MMV)

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Lye casualty on back. Open airway by lifting chin and tilting head well
3) Clear the mouth and throat of any obstruction.
4) Check for breathing with your face close to the casualty's mouth. Look for
chest movement. Listen for sounds of breathing. Feel his breath on your
5) If he is not breathing, pinch his nose. Take a deep breath. Seal your lips
around his mouth and blow into his mouth.…read more

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Unconsciousness & Concussion
A blow to the head can cause unconsciousness and if there is a delay between
the initial impact and the loss of consciousness then the casualty is certain to
suffer from concussion. If you suspect concussion check for:
People often cannot remember what has happened to them. Always put someone
in the recovery position if they lose consciousness. Check their breathing and
pulse regularly.…read more

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Loss of fluid and salt from the body due to excessive
o Signs include:
Headaches, light-headedness
Feeling sick
Pale, clammy skin
Muscle cramps
Rapid, weakening pulse and breathing
o Call for help
o Lie down in cool place
o Raise and support legs
o Plenty of water, sips of weak salty water
o Recovery position if unconscious
o Result of dangerous overheating over a long period of time.…read more

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Active movement: gentle movements that do not cause
pain. If pain occurs, these should stop.
Passive stretching and active exercise: stretching and
light endurance work causing no pain.…read more


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