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Elijah Muhammad's previous name was Elijah Poole. He was born in Sandersville,
Georgia, on 7th October, 1897. He changed his name to Muhhamad as "Poole"
was a slave name and did not represent him.
In 1923 he moved to Detroit where he joined the Nation of Islam, a black
nationalist and religious organization founded by Wallace Fard. Muhammad
accepted Fard's teachings that African Americans could obtain success through
discipline, racial pride, knowledge of God, and physical separation from white
After Wallace Fard's mysterious disappearance ,Muhammad became the new
leader of the Nation of Islam , June 1934.After He stated that "Wallace" was Allah
he self-proclaimed as "Allah's messenger".
Under his leadership , Black Muslims purchased areas of land in the South,
invested in business ventures and had its own paramilitary force.…read more

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During the Second World War Muhammad
advised his followers to avoid the draft.
This led to him being charged with violating
the Selective Service Act and was jailed
between 1942 and 1946.
After his release from prison, Muhammad
gradually built up the membership of the
Black Muslims.
Muhammad also called for the establishment
of a separate nation for African Americans.…read more

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Beliefs and
Muhammad's central belief was that there is "no God but
He believed worship was really important so he had the
ritual of praying five times a day.
Further more he believed that Black people's experience
of slavery was Bible prophecy and not just a coincidence.
Elijah Muhammad also believed that Black people are
the aboriginal people, and that all other people come
from them.
He believed in the Holy Qur'an and in the Scriptures of
all the Prophets of God.
- believed in the mental resurrection of the dead
-believed that no one should participate in wars that
take the lives of humans…read more

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Contribution to the
Initially Elijah Muhammad worked in Detroit in several industrial plants and joined a
variety of organizations-notably, Marcus Garvey's proto-black-nationalist movement, the
United NegroMovement
Improvement Association (UNIA),
Muhammad hated the United States and loved its enemies, especially non-Caucasian
ones. And so he rejoiced in the Japanese victory at Pearl Harbour in 1941, not only
refusing to register for military service but instructing his followers to do likewise . As a
consequence he got arrested .
After World War II ended, Mr Muhammad gained his release from prison and returned to
Among the many new members to enrol in the ranks of Islam, during this time, were
Brother Malcolm X and his family.
Muhammad promoted Minister Malcolm X to the post of national spokesman, and began
to syndicate his weekly newspaper column, "Mr Muhammad Speaks," in Black
newspapers across the country.…read more

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Civil Rights movement
As membership increased ,by 1955, Minister Louis Farrakhan enrolled in the Nation of
Islam after hearing Mr Muhammad deliver a speech in Chicago.
By the early 1960s, the Readers Digest magazine described Mr Muhammad as the most
powerful Black man in America.
In Washington, D.C., Mr Muhammad delivered his historic Uline Arena address in 1959
and was afforded presidential treatment, receiving a personal police escort.
Mr Muhammad also announced his economic development programs. Under his
leadership, the Nation of Islam began to show signs of progress with the establishment of
farms, rental housing units, private home construction, other real estate purchases, food
processing centres, restaurants, bakeries, lamb packing, clothing factories, banking,
business league formations, import and export businesses, aviation, health care,
administrative offices, shipping on land, sea and air, plans for modern university and
campus in Chicago in addition to men's and women's development and leadership
training units.
1972, the Elijah Muhammad opened a $2 million mosque and school in Chicago
Elijah Muhammad died from congestive heart failure at age 77 on February 25, 1975, the
day before Saviours' Day, at Mercy Hospital in Chicago, Illinois…read more

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