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Electoral systems


1. Majority Systems

Aim to ensure that the wining candidate achieves more than 50% of the votes cast in a
constituency, there are three main types.


Supplementary Vote System
Voters have only 2 preference votes.
Candidates win by gaining 50%+ of the vote
If no candidate wins 50%+…

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Parties provide as many candidates as there seats
Voters crank all candidates in order of preference or just 1 or 2 candidates if they wish.
Seats are allocated according to a quota system

Q = Number of votes cast + 1
Number of seats in the constituency +1

If a…

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The FPTP system is grossly unfair if it fails to markedly under represent the number of
seats gained compared to votes cast. E.g. in 1997 the Conservatives gained 17.5% of
the vote in Scotland and had no seats!
A majority government would more represent public opinion as it would enjoy…

Comments

Old Sir

A useful outline of the principle systems in use in liberal democracies outside the UK. Could form a good starting point for further reading.

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