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EjafjallajÖkull 2010 Iceland case study
Nature of the volcanic hazard:
Also a hot spot
1st eruption basaltic lava 2nd a little more andesitic
2nd eruption released large amounts of ash because as the magma rose it was blocked and
so built up a lot of pressure when this was finally released ash was blasted into the sky
As magma came into contact with the cold air and glacial ice turning it into fragmented ash
The 2nd eruption occurred on the 14th of April 2010.
The 2nd eruption led to the secondary effect of flash flooding of the local area as the glacier
Impacts of the event:
The International Air Transport Association (IATA) estimates that airlines are collectively
losing £130m per day in lost revenues.
Travel companies are also losing out. TUI, the owner of First Choice and Thomson and
Europe's biggest travel operator, says it is losing between £5m and £6m a day.
Other forms of transport did benefit such as Eurostar who carried an extra 50,000 people an
increase of around a third.
Just 1% of the UK's trade, by volume, is carried by air so the impact on international trade is
small only perishable goods have suffered.
Food exports from Africa and the Caribbean are among those hit, with reports of Kenyan
farmers being forced to dump stocks of fresh food and flowers destined for European
According to a report in Kenya's Daily Nation newspaper, the Kenyan economy is losing
$3.8m a day as a result of flight cancellations to Europe.
Many families were stranded aboard.
Many families couldn't go on holiday.
Hundreds had to sleep in airports.
People couldn't travel by air on business trips.
The volcano released approximately 0.15 million tonnes of CO2 each day.
But the massive reduction of air travel occurring over European skies caused by the ash
cloud, saved an estimated 1.3 to 2.8 million tonnes of carbon dioxide from entering the
atmosphere by 19 April 2010.
3,000 tons of sulphur dioxide was emitted into the air every day this could potentially
contribute to ozone depletion.
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The political impacts of EyjafjallajÖkull eruption lied on the facts that the volcanic cloud
floating miles above the earth was able to knock out jet engines and wrecked travel plans of
thousand people such as tourists, business travellers, and politicians.
The United States' president, Barack Obama, was not able to attend the funeral of Polish
president and first lady, Lech Kaczynski and Maria Kaczynka, who died because of plane crash
in April 10, 2010.…read more