Effects of Events during later adulthood

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Late Adulthood
According to Erikson and Levinson, late adulthood is classed as 60 years plus. It's described as a normative age- grade influence. People are living for longer... in USA, the average lifespan has increased by 26
years in the 20th century
Theory Evaluation
Retirement Retirement brings about different feelings for HEPWORTH= compared employed and
everyone. For some it brings a new chapter to unemployed men for stress levels and found that
their lives, for others it means the end of their levels were higher in the unemployed. EVAL= it
working lives. ATCHLEY- there is 6 stages to only studied men so it can't be generalised to
retirement. 1. Pre- retirement phase= just before women. This was also carried out in the UK so it
retirement where you are worried about financial can't be generalised to other countries. MOSER ET
adjustments and emotions after retirement. 2. AL= 10 year longitudinal study that studied men
Honeymoon Phase= just after retirement and aged 15- 64. Found unemployed were more likely
there is a feeling of relative euphoria. 3. to die young due to suicide and lung cancers etc.
Disenchantment Phase= 4. Re- orientation= EVAL= due to it being such a long study some may
developing a more realistic approach to have dropped out reducing the numbers. Only
retirement where you seek different roles such studied men so can't be generalised to women.
as volunteering. 5. Stability phase= you develop a Studied in western society so can't be
routine. 6. Termination Phase= poor health may generalised to eastern cultures.
make us unable to do things so our lifestyles have
to change. One key factor of retirement is how
important work is to them. Some keep in contact
with other retired colleagues but in general social
contacts tend to decrease. If there is a stay at
home mother or someone who has been retired
for longer, adjustments need to be made by both
partners. Work provides a routine so these needs
to be fulfilled again as by not having routine
feelings of helplessness can set in. Those who
have hobbies etc. tend to cope better with this
change as they seem to have a purpose. Financial
issues will also arise as the individual will not be
able to afford as much as they once could. There

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Late Adulthood
According to Erikson and Levinson, late adulthood is classed as 60 years plus. It's described as a normative age- grade influence. People are living for longer... in USA, the average lifespan has increased by 26
years in the 20th century
is also the issue of whether the retirement is
voluntary or not.
Bereavement Rahe et al's social re- adjustment scale rates the
death of a spouse as the most stressful event that
an individual can suffer in their life.…read more

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