Effects of alcohol

2 page desciption about alcohol and it's effects

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  • Created on: 05-02-11 20:26
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Effects of Lung Term Alcohol Abuse on the Liver and the Brain
. If alcohol is drunk with moderation, the alcohol is absorbed through the intestines and
transported to the brain by the bloodstream however if one does alcohol abuse then
this person shall suffer the effects.
N.B:-blood from the gut and the intestines goes through the liver then the blood goes
around the body-this is why the most alcohol can be found flowing through the liver.
What effects does alcohol have on the liver?
The liver can process alcohol due to the enzymes it has. These enzymes can decompose
the alcohol into different chemical substances which can then be broken down again into
Carbon Dioxide & Water. The Carbon Dioxide is breathed out from the lungs while water
is passed out as urine. However, the liver can only process an actual volume of alcohol in
the space of time so if the volume of alcohol you drink is more than the alcohol
processing rate, the amount of concentration in the blood rises.
Drinking a small amount of alcohol may help prevent stroke and heart disease but
drinking alcohol above the recommended limit may lead to liver disease and damage.
Having too much alcohol can cause 3 liver problems which are:
~Fatty Liver
Fat builds up on liver but in general, is a mild condition but can turn into hepatitis which
is another liver problem. Also causes liver to yellow or go pale due to fatty tissue being
left on liver.
When the liver becomes sore and starts to swell. The harshness of the swelling may vary
and may be very severe. Very harsh hepatitis is very unlikely to be the culprit of showing
up symptoms but in a few cases, the symptom tends to be to have unusual enzymes of
the liver. If one is not careful the hepatitis may strengthen and may damage the liver,
causing cirrhosis. It may also cause jaundice (due to liver failure), coma as well as blood
When the liver cells are replaced with fatty tissue and as a result, the liver would be
damaged so the liver lacks in doing its job (removing toxins from the blood). Pale liver
may get stringy fibres as well as nodules on top of this; liver cells will be covered with
unusual blue gristle material and mass.
What effects does alcohol have on the brain?
Alcohol is a depressant which means it slows down the nervous system and this is why
it can risk people's lives as reactions would be slower, increasing the risk of an
accident/assault/domestic violence to crop up (this is because the co-ordinator of the
response -brain or spinal cord will take a longer period of time to receive impulses from
the receptors).
Alcohol can suppress & damages the brain depending on how much you drink and this
may affect one as the part of the brain that is suppressed is to control judgement
(alcohol leads to impaired judgement), leading to having unusual behaviour (bad
co-ordination, blurry sight, feeling unbalanced are linked to this). Binge drinking may also
cause coma/unconsciousness.
When one gets alcohol poisoning, the kidneys and liver gets overwhelmed as the body
needs to get rid of the alcohol but if too much alcohol is overloaded, the liver will find it

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As the kidneys and the liver remove waste from the body, in their own
way they are filters however, due to overload of alcohol, they can get crammed up and
the waste in the blood turns into poison. The nervous is affected and slows down its
functions which includes in the non-growth of cells which is essential as it checks organs
are working properly. Due to no growth of cells the organs may get damaged and may
die.…read more


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