Slides in this set
· Aims of Foreign Policy:
· To win the war begun by Henry VIII against
· To impose on Scotland the Treaties of Greenwich
· To unite the crowns
· To enforce the marriage of 10 year old Edward
and 5 year old Mary Queen of Scots
· By implementing all of the above
· To stop the growth of French influence on
· Many garrisons had to be abandoned or had been lost
to the French
· Those that remained had to be defended even though
they no longer served a valid purpose.
· Mary Queen of Scots had been taken to France- lost
· There was now a French army stationed on England's
· Henry II of France declared war in August 1549 and
proceeded to attack Boulogne
· Forced to fortify Boulogne
· Bad relations with the French lead to an increase
threat of war.
· Huge cost- 537,000 had to debase the coins.…read more
· Overthrown Regency Parliament within Weeks and
made himself Lord Protector- no grantee of public
acceptance and immediately made enemies.
· Personality- arrogant, obnoxious, found it difficult to
take advice, saw himself as king, alienated his fellow
· Used proclamations instead of gaining parliamentary
confirmation, Employed more proclamations and with
more penalties than any other Tudor ruler.
· Enclosure commission set up 1548.…read more
· 1547 injunctions, anti-catholic, reflected radical attitudes within
government, attacked many features of Catholicism
· Focused in London.
· 1547- dissolution of the chantries- prayers for the dead no longer
needed, also the money used could help war with Scotland.
· 1549- Prayer Book- very literal translation. Cautious exemplified
by the Book of Common Prayer which failed to please Catholics or
Protestants. Somerset was keen to avoid antagonising Charles V
who could have intervened in Somerset's plans for Scotland
· Clergy allowed to marry.
· No elevation of the host.
· Communion of both kinds
· Traditional vestments still used.…read more
· `The closest Tudor England came to a class war'-
· Western `Prayer Book' Rebellion- Religious
grievances, wanted nothing more than to reverse
the entire reformation. Distrust between peasants
and landowners. Taxation. Enclosures.
· Kett's- hatred of local government officials,
resentment of the abuse by landowners under the
Norfolk foldcourse system, and the release of pent
up frustrations about the maladministration of the
Howards. Act on enclosure promise.…read more