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There are inequalities in the educational achievements of different classes.

Class differences in achievement can be explained by looking at external factors.

Cultural Deprivation
Cultural deprivation theorists argue that parent's attitudes and values are a key factor in
affecting educational achievement.

Intellectual development

Douglas (1964) found that working-class pupil's score…

Page 2

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Douglas (1964) parents showing interest in their children's education most important factor for
educational progress.
Generally middle-class parents show more of an interest than working-class parents.
Criticised by Becca (1971), that educational attainment is a reflection of what happens in the
class room not at home.

Street culture

Evans (2006)…

Page 3

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The education system plays a major part in producing social class differences in achievement. This
can be can be explained through internal factors.

Labelling and teacher racism

Studies shown that teachers often attach such labels to pupils, regardless of their actual ability
or attitude.
To label some is to attach…

Page 4

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Most schools have a system for placing pupils in teaching groups in terms of their ability.
Each group is taught separately from the others for all subjects.
Studies have shown that the self-fulfilling prophecy are likely to occur when, children are
Hargreaves (1967) and Lacey (1970) looked at the…


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