Education Sociologist List

A list of sociologists within the education topic and a brief explination of what they say.

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  • Created on: 01-05-12 16:44
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Sociologists ­ Education
(Functionalist )
Durkheim ­ education links individuals to society, provides specialist work skills and
teaches individuals social rules.
Parsons ­ education teaches universalistic values, the fundamental values of society and
allocates pupils to future work roles.
Davis and Moore ­ since society requires different talents possessed by individuals the
most able individuals are allocated to these roles through education, as it picks out those
with the greatest ability.
Bowles and Gintis ­ education prepares the next generation in capitalist society through
the hidden curriculum, social reproduction, the correspondence principle, school values and
the myth of equality of opportunity.
Bordieu ­ "Cultural capital" ­ middleclass pupils have the automatic advantage over
workingclass pupils because they share the culture of the school
Ball et al ­ parents of middleclass students use their greater "cultural capital" to give their
child an advantage in school.
Althusser education is an ideological state apparatus
Willis ­ "Learning to Labour" ­ `Lads' formed an antischool subculture that was sexist,
disobedient, rejecting of school rules and avoidant of work.
Becker ­ teachers have an "ideal pupil" who is intelligent, motivated, and well behaved.
Middleclass pupils were more likely to fit this ideal.
Rosenthal and Jacobson ­ high expectations in pupils increase achievement
Woods developed an eightfold typology of the ways student adapt to the demand of the
classroom saw that pupils negotiate the meaning of school.
Stanworth ­ teachers learned boys' names more quickly than girls' and upgraded their
work while downgrading girls'.
Spender girls are "invisible" in the classroom.
Wright ­ primary school teachers gave Asian students the least attention in class.

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Gilborn and Youdell (2001) ­ working class and black students were more likely to be
seen as achieving lower and so placed in lower sets, therefore denying them the opportunity
to get good grades.
Lupton (2003) ­ schools are poor because of cultural backgrounds of their intake and
internal processes like labelling and selffulfilling prophecy fail to inspire and educate.…read more

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Reay ­ middle class mums invest their time and effort into their child's education.
Flaherty financial problems explain why many working class pupils leave at 16
(Gender and Achievement)
Sharpe ­ women aspirations had changed since her original study, now women aspire to
things outside of the housewife role
Mitsos and Browne ­ suggest that some subjects are seen as feminine and so boys
purposely don't do well in these subjects, they suggest one of these subjects is English.…read more

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Browne and Gay ­ positive responses were given to 63% of job applications identified as
being from ethnic minorities, compared to (0% of those being identified as from white
Gilbourne ­ AfricanCaribbean boys are most likely to get detentions because they are
often misinterpreted through their dress and manner of speech.
O'Donell ­ ethnic minority boys' underachievement is a result of their reaction to racism.
Strand (2007) ­ rejection of education is still seen as a way to prove masculinity.…read more


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