Education Spec Part 4

AQA A" Government and Politics students studying ideologies in action education unit.

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Education Notes Part 4
Meritocracy: (Equality of opportunity) the people who achieve the best based on ability get the
best rewards.
Essentially everyone sits the same exams, even though there are multiple exam boards the
difficulty should be the same across all exams.
This would therefore allow for equal measurement of each child's progress.
However, children are taught from different standards of school, but because of the 1988
Education Act bringing in the National curriculum and set specifications for secondary
exams all children should be taught the same thing.
It is hard to measure though how each child is prepared for the Exams they sit, because
each teacher will have fluctuation in the type of teaching and how they teach a certain
Socialists Egalitarian : Want to bring more equality into education; this will lead to the loss of a
social hierarchy to finally remove the class system that we have in society.
Socialists want to raise people's opportunity to do well.
By getting rid or lessening the impact of independent schools, this will encourage all
children of any social background to mix.
Thatcher Reforms: (Look at Education Notes Part 3 for more information)
With the 1988 Education Act, it is quite clear that she accepted the socialist idea of
"Comprehensive system". That everyone can be taught the same thing by having a
National curriculum and having standardized tests.
New Labour Reforms:
Aspects pf New Labour do have Socialist emphasis ideas on them.
Many people hoped that test and league table would disappear from educational policy, once
New Labour was elected back into Government.
New Labour changed the direction of Educational Policy again, by refocusing on the less
affluent and minority groups in society.
New emphasis on compulsory education.
Focuses on Equality of opportunity e.g. Comprehensive sstem attempted to get everyone
to the same school, which will be run and funded by Government.
1997 White Paper Excellence in Schools
The new government's education policies were set out in the white paper Excellence in schools,
published in July 1997.
It proposed that:
Secondary schools would be encouraged to become 'specialist schools' which would be
allowed to select a small proportion of their pupils on the basis of 'perceived aptitudes';

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Education Notes Part 4
Class sizes for five, six and seven year olds were to be reduced to 30 or under. Funding
would be provided to enable LEAs to meet this target;
At least an hour a day in primary schools would be spent on English and an hour on maths.
(The National Literacy Strategy was introduced in September 1998, the National Numeracy
Strategy in September 1999);
Schools were to have targets for raising standards.…read more

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Education Notes Part 4
now to be designated 'beacon schools'. Unlike the EAZs, EiC operated through the traditional
channels of Whitehall, LEA and school.
73 large EAZs were eventually set up, but in 2001 two reports by the National Audit Office and
the Institute of Public Policy Research suggested that EAZs had largely failed to generate
adequate private sponsorship or deliver on the promises made when they were set up.…read more

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Education Notes Part 4
However, after age of 16yrs hard to measure if all children are in education.
Central aspects of the 1988 Education Act were the introduction of league tables to create
competition between schools as well as a ranking system. Marketization for parents was a result
of the creation of league tables.
League Tables:
The creation of league tables allowed marketization to happen and gave people free choice in
their education.…read more

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Education Notes Part 4
The Beacon Schools Programme:
Identified high performing schools across England.
Share effective practices in other schools to raise standards.
Appearance of been given a higher status would increase the attractiveness of the school.
However, this would mean that more middle class parents would send their children
there; this would lead to better results creating a wider gap in education and some schools
performing worst.
However, Ofsted is criticised for not showing a true reflection of the school.…read more


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