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ACTS
1870- Education was first made compulsory and free
1880- Attendance compulsory until the age of ten
1918- State becomes responsible for secondary
education and school leaving age raised to fourteen
1972- Leaving age raised to sixteen…read more

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1944 BUTLERS EDUCATION ACT
· Secondary education for all (primary until 11,
secondary until 15)
· Upper classes continued to be educated in public
schools and top universities
· Aimed to abolish class-based inequalities within
education
· Tripartite system was to be introduced
· 3 types of school each suited to different abilities
· Secondary education was to be determined by the
11+ exam…read more

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TRIPARTITE SYSTEM
· System that offered 3 types of school, with
students allocated according to the results of the
11+ exam and their ability
· Grammar schools for the academic
· Secondary technical schools for the
artistic/creative
· Secondary modern for everyone else
· Parity of esteem- All schools were meant to have
similar standards of provision and provide most
suitable education for the development of each
type of learner…read more

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PROBLEMS WITH THE
TRIPARTITE SYSTEM
· Class biased
· Reputation of secondary moderns
· Parity of esteem not evident
· Labels
· Culturally biased IQ tests
· Fewer grammar schools for girls
· Regional variations…read more

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FAILURE OF THE TRIPARTITE
SYSTEM
· Agreed failure in the mid 1950s
· Most working class children left school at 15
· 20% went to grammar schools
· 5% went to technical schools
· 75% went to secondary modern
· Failed ¾ of school children-wasted talent…read more

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