[Edexcel] Unit 1 Government & Politics: Political Ideologies - Liberalism

What is Liberalism?


  • Fundamental Liberal values
  • Types of Liberalism
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Preview of [Edexcel] Unit 1 Government & Politics: Political Ideologies - Liberalism

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Liberalism Jason Tran
The belief in the importance of individual liberty & equal rights.
When an individual has the right to behave according to one's own personal responsibility & free will
Liberals express a range of views depending on their understanding of these principles. The fundamental
liberal ideas are:
Free & Fair elections
Human Rights
Liberal Democracy
Government is always in danger of
becoming a tyranny so it should be
Fair Trade
Separation of Church & State
There are 4 types of Liberalism:
Idea of Limited government and HIGH Liberty of individuals ­ Freedom
of religion, press, speech, etc. Free Markets, more referendums &
Classical Liberalism reforms.
Power to the people (self-reliant)
Liberty of individuals has created inequalities. Therefore, government
Social/Modern intervention is required and its role is to address unemployment, health
care & education
The state should `help individuals to help themselves'
Against Social/Modern Liberalism ­ Late 20th Century ­ Thought that
government had too much control = reduction in government &
provision of services
Neo Liberalism
Government continued to provide social services and retained control
over economic policy
The main international organisation of Liberal Parties ­
Emphasis on: Human Rights, free & fair elections, multiparty
Liberal International democracies, social justice, tolerance, social market economies, free
trade, environmental sustainability and a strong sense of international
Social Liberals vs. Market Liberals
Both believe in Basic Human Rights & Political Freedoms BUT, Social Liberals see that the state should provide
economic and social rights to the citizen whereas Market Liberals see the economy as a free market and there
should be freedom in that sense.


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