[Edexcel] Unit 1 Government & Politics: Political Ideologies - Conservatism

All about the Conservatism political Ideology


  • What is Traditional Conservatism
  • Modern Conservatism
  • Traditional vs Modern
  • Thatcherism
  • One-Nation Conservatism
  • Cameronism
HideShow resource information
Preview of [Edexcel] Unit 1 Government & Politics: Political Ideologies - Conservatism

First 308 words of the document:

Conservatism Jason Tran
Traditional Conservatism
Developed as a reaction against the excesses of the French Revolution (reign of Terror)
Blamed bloodbath on the Enlightenment idea Human beings could consciously create a political
Conservatives favour strong governments
Modern Conservatism
Founder = Edmund Burke ­ Brit MP in late 18th century (also
Experience > Reason
Change should be made slowly
Ability and property are inherited unequally because that's just how human nature is
Human nature = unpredictable so radical changes = dangerous
Change should be approached with caution and there should be gradual reform rather than a
revolution = social stability
"Politics is about taking decisions that are the best under
the circumstances rather than hoping for perfection."
Mark Garnett
Traditional vs Modern
Traditional Modern
Caution towards change ­ want to preserve Challenges institutions and practices in interests of
traditions and institutions of society (changing only radical dynamic reform i.e. Maggie (however, there
when necessary) was a lot left untouched such as Monarchy & HoL)
Society = organic & hierarchic. Those at the top have "There is no such thing as a society. There are
a responsibility and obligation to look after those at individual men and women and their families...
the bottom (paternalism) people must look to themselves first" Maggie T.
Pessimistic view of human nature. Humans = morally Adopt neo-liberal views about freedoms &
and intellectually limited = requires a strong individuals. Potentially leads to a more libertarian
paternalist government approach (Thatcher didn't adopt this)
Allow for adaptability & pragmatism that can move
Thatcherite & post-Thatcherite agenda = correct out
conservatism (chameleon like) = Highly successful
on basis of a clear ideological programme
short term

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Conservatism #2 23/2/12 S4
During 1950s and 60s: economy doing well ­ parties agree on policies (wanted to all achieve economic
stability): Period of Consensus Politics
1979 is when there was a breakdown in consensus politics, otherwise known as Adversary Politics ­
the big ideological divide started with Thatcherism (spin off of modern conservatism)
20th century = Conservative Party in power for 67 years
Thatcher wanted to commit to pragmatism, one-nationism, a mixed economy and higher European
Involvement (according to Keynes)
Market Economy ­…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Conservatism #3 23/2/12 S4
Describes himself as a `modern compassionate conservative'
Strong on crime
Favours Fox Hunting
Limit on immigration
Introduction of British Border Control Police
Scrap HRA (1998) replaced with British Bill of Rights
Cut taxes and increase public spending as economy grows
Free trade and an open economy…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Government & Politics resources:

See all Government & Politics resources »See all resources »