Edexcel Religious Studies Revision Notes- Matters of Life and Death

Everything you need to know for the topic Matter of life and Death for Edexcel Unit 1

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Matters of Life and Death
Life after death:
Christian beliefs:
All Christians believe that there is a life after death. The resurrection of Jesus
proves that there is life after death.
Some Christians believe that when you die you will stay in the grave until the
end of the world when god will raise everyone and judge everyone. All good
Christians will go to heaven and everyone else will go to hell.
Catholic Christians say that when you die, the souls of very good Christians will
go to heaven and bad Christians will go to purgatory to pay off their sins. Then
at the end of the world everyone will be raised and good Christians will go to
heaven and most other people will go to hell.
Many Christians do not believe in resurrection and they believe that the soul is
immortal and will live on after death. They believe this because of things such
as near death experiences. These Christians don't believe in hell.
Muslim beliefs:
Muslims believe in the resurrection of the body. They believe that when you
die, your soul will stay in the grave until the end of the world when you will be
judged on if you will go to heaven of hell. Good Muslims will go to heaven and
bad Muslims will go to hell to pay off their sins and then go to heaven.
Everyone else will go to hell.
The Qur'an teaches that if you die on a pilgrimage to Makkah, your soul will go
straight to heaven. Therefore some Muslims believe in the immortality of the
soul. They believe that god will judge this soul when you die and you will go to
heaven or hell.
Muslims believe that life is a test and that god will judge you on whether you
have passed this test on not. If you pass you will go to heaven, if you do not
you will go to hell.
Why do people believe in life after death?
Paranormal: The evidence of the spirit world, ghosts and Ouija boards convince
people of life after death. Religious people say that these occurrences help to
prove the existence of god. People who predict the future, mediums who claim
that they are able to contact the dead and ghosts and spirits help to prove that
there must be something after this life.
Reincarnation: there is also evidence of reincarnation which for some people
proves that there is another life after death

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Near death experiences: people who are about to die who have an out of body
experience and see the light at the end of the tunnel and are then revived, also
show some people that another world exists beyond ours.
Social facts:
In the UK, abortion is allowed up to 24 weeks of pregnancy. It is allowed if 2
doctors agree:
The mother's life is at risk
The mother's physical or mental health is at risk
The child is likely to be severely handicapped.…read more

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SOME OF THESE MUSLIMS accept the British law on abortion completely.
Others say should still are only allowed if the mother's life is at risk.
Social facts:
There may be a cure for an illness
There is always doubt about what the person in a life support machine really
wants.…read more

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However, very recently Muslim lawyers have agreed that life-support
machines may be switched off if there are no signs of life.
EUTHANASIA is currently illegal in Britain.
The media:
Against media criticism:
Criticising what religions say about these issues is a way of stirring up hatred
which is banned by the Racial and religious hatred act of 2007
Many religions believe there should be restrictions on the freedom of the
media because criticism can cause serious offence e.g.…read more


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