Edexcel RE - Environmental and Medical Issues Notes

A summary of the second unit in Edexcel RE: Environmental and Medical Issues

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RE Revision: Environmental and Medical Issues
Artificial insemination ­ injecting semen into the uterus by artificial means
Conservation ­ protecting and preserving natural resource and the environment
Creation ­ the act of creating the universe or the universe which has been created
Embryo ­ a fertilized egg in the first eight weeks after conception
Environment ­ the surroundings in which plants and animals live on and which they depend on to live
Global Warming ­ the increase in temperature of the earth's atmosphere (thought to be caused by the greenhouse effect)
Infertility ­ not being able to have children
In-vitro fertilisation ­ the method of fertilizing a human egg in a test tube
Natural Resources ­ naturally occurring materials, such as oil and fertile land, which can be used by humans
Organ donation ­ giving organs to be used in transplant surgery
Stewardship- looking after something so it can be passed on to the next generation
Surrogacy ­ an arrangement whereby a woman bears a child on behalf of another woman
What does the Bible say?
In the Old Testament there are lots of quotes about the land.
Genesis ­ God puts Adam and Eve in charge of the world and to cultivate it "have many children so that your
descendants will live all over the earth and loving it under their control. I am putting you in charge of the fish, birds
and all the wild animals." "Lord God placed the man in the Garden of Eden to cultivate and guard it."
Sermon on the Mount ­ Jesus taught to look after the Earth as the good people will inherit it.
Parable of the Talent ­ use your skills to make the world cultivate ­ don't bury your head in the sand.
Judgement ­ people believe God will judge us on how we live on Earth.
We're responsible for God's world ­ we should rule wisely.
What should we do?
Conserve the Earth's natural resources
Reduce pollution
Share Earth's resources more equally between the different areas of the world. CAFOD tries to do this by helping
people in the developing world make a sustainable way of living.
Conserve plant and animal life.
Recycle and try to reduce your carbon footprint.
Don't live by the way of `Dominion' ­ treating the world the way we want to has led to the current situation ­ fossil
fuels running short, animals are becoming extinct and the world is heavily polluted.
Muslim teachings on stewardship
Allah ­ Muslim word for God
Qur'an ­ Muslim Holy Book
Surah ­ chapter in Qur'an
Hadith ­ saying/teaching of the Prophet Mohammed (founder of Islam)
Shari'ah ­ Islamic law based on the Qur'an and the teachings of the Prophet Mohammed.
Khalifah ­ the person in Qur'an and the teachings of Prophet Mohammed who acts as Allah's stewards on earth. All Muslims are to
be called Khalifah.
Ummah ­ Muslim brotherhood.
Muslim beliefs
Allah created the universe, everything created belongs to Allah and not us.
Allah gave human beings the responsibilities of caring for the world ­ Adam was Allah's first Khalifah.
Life is a test from Allah. On Judgement Day, as part of this test, we will be asked to account for how well we have
looked after this gift.
Allah's creation is finely balanced. If something changes it can affect other parts of the world. To waste resources or harm
parts of the world would be disobeying Allah.
Therefore, Muslims will try and do things like reducing pollution, use scarce resources carefully, only hunt for food not
pleasure, replant trees and treat animals with respect.
The Ummah and the Shari'ah make many Muslims believe that stewardship means a fair sharing of the Earth's
So Muslims should try to improve the quality of like of those less fortunate.
Sharing resources fairly and improve the quality of living in LEDC's.
There are Muslim Environmental Groups like AMEN (African Muslim Environmental Network) and LINE (London
Islamic Network for the Environment).
Muslim teachings
Look after Allah's creation ­ "O children of Adam!... eat and drink but do not waste by being greed, for Allah does
not love wasters" Surah 7.31
Don't waste resources ­ "Consider the water which you drink. Was it you that brought it down or did We? If it was
Our Will, We could have made it salty. Why then do you not give thanks?" Surah 56.68-70
Use creation for the good of others ­ "How can you reject the faith in Allah? It is He who created all things on Earth for
you!" Surah 2.28-9
Infertility Issues
Charlotte Taylor

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RE Revision: Environmental and Medical Issues
Artificial Insemination by Donor (AID) ­ the sperm of a donor, usually unknown to the couple, is medically inseminated into the
mother's womb.
Artificial Insemination by Husband (AIH) ­ the husband's sperm is medically inseminated into the mother's womb.
Egg donation ­ the husband's sperm is used to fertilize the egg of an unknown donor female in a test tube before being placed into
the woman's womb.…read more

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RE Revision: Environmental and Medical Issues
But there is no legal adoption process within Islam as Muslims do not believe it is right for the child to be given the
identity of the family.
What do they accept?
Artificial Insemination by Husband (AIH) is permitted in Islam as long as the couple are still married and the sperm is
not used after the husband is deceased.…read more

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RE Revision: Environmental and Medical Issues
Many Muslims believe that where the Qur'an says "Whosoever saves the life of one person it would be as if he saved
the life of all mankind [Qur'an 5:32].
If a person agrees during their life time to donate an organ then this is an act of charity
There are Muslim transplant surgeons and lawyers who believe that organ donation and transplant surgery are
acceptable because they save lives.…read more



Good resource but does not contain all information needed for 2017 GCSE e.g Abortion/ Euthanasia/ Suicide ect

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