Edexcel RE Belief in God

Edexcel RE Belief in God - GCSE Level

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Belief in God ­ Section 1
Reasons for believing in God ­ (Theist)
The universe seems to have been designed by someone ­ the designer must be God
Science says that everything has a cause including the universe therefore God must exist
Humans cannot be here by chance ­ life must have a meaning and a purpose
So many people in the world belong to a religion ­ they can't all be wrong
Reasons against believing in God ­ (Atheist)
Science explains the world better than religion and often leads people to be agnostic or atheist
Miracles are seen as a problem because why would God help some people and not others
Some people argue that if God is all powerful (omnipotent) why does he let people suffer from earthquakes
and other natural disasters that he could stop?
Theories in the Belief in God
Cosmological Argument ­ Argument from Causation
St Thomas Aquinas
Everything has to come from something. You cannot make something out of nothing
Therefore there must have been a `First Cause' that created the `something' (the universe). That First Cause
is God
Scientific Explanations of the World
The world has major design flaws, human suffering e.g. volcanoes, earthquakes, floods, droughts. Why does
God not stop these events if they are real?
Science explains much better how the universe came into being with the theory of and evidence for the big
Band and Evolution
Science makes it difficult to believe in the Bible, which talks of God above the sky, records miracle and often
contradicts itself
God is supposed to care and answer prayers, but people are praying for peace and an end to starvation all
the time, yet these things still exist
Most people in Britain do not bother much about religion, but lead as good lives as those who are religious. If
religion makes no difference to how you treat other people, it can't be true, so God does not exist
Most miracles can now be explained by science and if they are real why does God not help everybody
There are so many religions which one is true? If God were real there would only be one religion
Teleological Argument ­ Argument from Design
If you were walking on a heath and saw a watch on the ground you would assume that its parts had not come
together by chance because it is too ordered and complicated. Therefore someone must have designed it or
it would not work
Because the universe is ordered and complicated, someone must have designed that too. That `someone' is
Religious Upbringing
Children tend to believe what their parents tell them ­ if the parents practise the religion the children are
more likely to follow them
Learning about God and why Christians believe in God is likely to make children think that God exists
Children will be taken to worship God

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Sunday school or Church
Holy communion
Prayers ­ learn Bible stories
Festivals ­ Christmas, Easter, Harvest
See Vicars, Priests, Ministers
Confirmation (Roman Catholic)
Religious Experiences
Numinous (the feeling of the presence of something greater than you ­ God)
Feeling this presence will make them think God is real and they are likely to therefore believe in him
Conversion (when your life is changed by giving yourself to God)
Someone drowning shouts out for God to save him/her, the current eased and he/she swam safely back…read more

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If he is Omnipotent (all powerful) he must be able to get rid of suffering
If he is Omniscient (all knowing) he would know it was going to happen and do something about it
Therefore there is evil and suffering in the world because: God is not all good or God is not all powerful or God does
not exist
Christian responses to Evil & Suffering
Many Christians respond to the problem by believing that God knows the answer but we cannot.…read more


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