Edexcel Geography A2. Bridging the Development Gap, Uganda.

Information about Uganda, useful for this topic

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  • Created on: 30-11-11 15:05
Preview of Edexcel Geography A2. Bridging the Development Gap, Uganda.

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Indicators of the gap
Life expectancy: 49.7
Low due to HIV/AIDS
GDP (PPP$): $1454
Economy based almost entirely on primary goods and global prices are low due to a glut in
Government have low export tax. There are also few wealthy companies to tax which results
in less money to spend on education and health etc.
Literacy rate: 70%
Primary school is free, but few are run by the government so many people have to pay the
equivalent of £20 a term which is too much.
The government only funds ¼ of universities.
Access to safe water: 60%
Living conditions are poor, malaria and cholera are big killers.
Reasons for the gap (graph explanation)
1. 1900-1920 ­ sleeping sickness epidemic killed more than 250,000 people, 2/3 of the
population affected the lake shore areas.
2. 1962- Uganda became independent from Britain and had a very successful economy. It was
stable and trade was good. This was largely due to well-established Asian immigrants.
3. 1971- Idi Amin overthrew the government and there was a long period of violence and civil
war. This increased the demand for weapons where Amin borrowed $1mn.
He also expelled all wealthy Asians from the country which lead to the collapse of the
Government's tax revenue.
Progress in Uganda
1. Eliminate poverty and hunger ­ likely to be able to half the amount of people living on $1 per
day by 2015.
2. Primary education ­ now free and encouraging parents to not keep children to work on
subsidence farms.
3. Gender equality ­ 30% of Parliament must be women.
4. Child mortality rates and maternal health ­ 137 per 1000 (child mortality). Hard to reduce as
only 41% of births are attended by a skilled professional. An area for work.
5. HIV/AIDS and other diseases- 50% illness (reported) in 2006 was malaria. HIV is prominent
but remains lower than many other African countries. Campaigns about sexual health
increase awareness of sexually transmitting the disease.
6. Environmental issues ­ reduced fish stocks can affected livelihood and needs to be
7. Develop a global partnership ­ the president would like to produce semi-manufactured
goods to the rest of the world because it adds value, creates jobs etc.


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