Edexcel GCSE Religious Studies Islam Section 1 Revision Notes

Detailed notes on Section 1 'Beliefs and Values' from Islam GCSE

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1.1 The nature and importance of belief in tawhid
Key Words:
Din way of life (belief and practice of Islam)
Tawhid the oneness of Allah
What is tawhid?
Tawhid is the oneness of Allah
It means believing in Allah and that he is the one and only God and Muhammad was
his messenger
This unity of Allah makes every Muslim united through the ummah
It holds everyone and everything in the Universe together
No one but Allah can do this and that is why every living creature depends on him
Nothing can be compared to Allah, he is the one and only
Why is the belief in tawhid important for Muslims?
It is taught in the Qur'an and that is the word of Allah
It helps make sense of life- believing that Allah is unique and holds everything
together helps them make sense of life whatever happens to them. It also gives a
direction and purpose for life
It helps Muslims think of Allah as the centre point of life and not themselves
It helps Muslims follow the teachings of Muhammad because the focal point of the
Prophet's life was Allah. He showed full faith to Allah
How do Muslims try to show their belief in tawhid?
They recognise that no one and nothing else is worth worshipping apart from Allah
All living creatures must be treated with respect because they're a creation of Allah
and belongs to him
The ummah should be one and united held together by their beliefs in Allah
When Muslims believe in Allah and he is the centre of their focus, they are being true
to their din

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The sin of shirk and why it is such a major sin in Islam
Key Words:
Ibadah all acts of worship/any permissible action performed to obey Allah
Shirk the sin of regarding anything as an equal or partner to Allah
What is shirk?
Shirk is the worst sin any Muslim could ever commit
Shirk is putting Allah on the same level as anything or anyone else or worshipping
anything other than Allah
Many Muslims believe this sin can never be forgiven and if one commits…read more

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Key Words:
Creativity the action of creating the universe by Allah
Iman faith in Allah
What is the belief of creativity in Allah?
Muslims believe Allah created the universe
This follows from the belief that Allah is One and that there is nothing and no one
that can compare
He is also the one that makes the universe happen by making it and keeping it going
More importantly, he creates life on Earth in all its varied forms, all animals, humans
and plants
Muslims do…read more

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The meaning and importance of belief in the Mercy and
Compassion of Allah
Key Words:
Surah a verse in the Qur'an
Bismillah the words that begin a surah: `In the name of Allah, Most
Compassionate, Most Merciful'
What is the belief in the Mercy and Compassion of Allah?
Muslims are very careful not to describe Allah because he is so great that there are
no words that can describe him
However, the Qur'an helps Muslims do this because there are different names that
people use…read more

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The meaning and importance of belief in Islamic teaching on the
nature of humans as khalifah
Key Words:
Khalifah Custodian or steward of the world for Allah
What is a human's role as a khalifah?
The idea of `minding the world' and `taking care of the Earth' is very important for
Muslims because it affects the way they look at the world around them and reminds
them that
The world belongs to Allah
All gives peoples responsibility for taking care of the world for His…read more

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The meaning and importance of belief in Islamic teaching on
al-Qadar and human freedom
Key Words:
Al-Qadar Allah's control of future events
What is the Muslims belief of al-Qadar?
Belief in al-Qadar is very important for Muslims because they believe that
everything happens because it is in Allah's control and he knows what will happen in
the future
This means good and bad things will happen to everyone but they should accept
that Allah will decide what is best for them
What is the Muslim…read more

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The meaning and importance of belief in Islamic teachings on
angels
What is the belief on angels?
Angels are often referred to in the Qur'an.…read more

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The meaning and importance of belief in risalah
Key Words:
Risalah Muslims beliefs about the prophets of Allah
What is the belief in risalah?
Muslims believe all chooses his messengers who are called prophets
He chose them because they brought his message accurately and they taught people
how to follow the message as well as living their own lives according to the
teachings
Important messengers include:
The first prophet, Adam, was also the ancestor if the whole human race
Ibrahim- he is also known as…read more

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The meaning and importance of belief in Islamic teachings on holy
books other than the Qur'an
What is the belief in other holy books?
The tawrat- this was given by Allah to the prophet Musa. Many people equate this to
the Jewish Torah or the five Books of Moses from the Christian Bible
The zabur- this was a collection of hymns and songs which Muslims believe was used
for worship in Soloman's temple in Jerusalem. They believe that many of these were
written by Dawud.…read more

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The meaning and importance of belief in Islamic teaching on the
revelation of the Qur'an to Muhammad
What is the belief on the revelation of the Qur'an to Muhammad?
Muslims believe that the most important event in the life of the Prophet was when
he received the words of Allah for the first time
This is known as the Night of Power
Muhammad used to spend time alone praying and meditating.…read more

Comments

Katie

Hi I found this super useful thank you sooo much for making it

I was wondering if you would make section 2

Please reply

Thanks

X

Katie

hi please make section 2 im begging you!

Please reply

Thanks! :)

Omar Mostafa

Yeh Me toooooooooooo

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