Edexcel GCSE History - Vietnam Timeline

This is word 2003 document. The timeline consists of specific dates (as far as my knowledge goes and my text book) of the events that happen during Vietnam. It also gives some consequences and a short timeline of the aftermath before Vietnam became a Communist Country.

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  • Created by: Katie
  • Created on: 03-11-09 20:59
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First 298 words of the document:

Year Month Event
1941 Vietminh set up by Ho and Giap in Southern China
Aim: Independence from France and Japan
Mao supported the Vietminh
1950 Truman supports French
Support = US$15 million worth of supplies
1954 March Dien Bien Phu
French tried to trap Vietminh by setting up camp but Vietminh
surrounded the camp
May French surrenders
3000 out of 16,500 French lived
Geneva Agreement
After Dien Bien Phu, 5 other countries including USA, Britain
and China along with Vietnam met in Geneva to decide
Vietnam's future.
Temporarily divide along the 17th Parallel
North Vietnam to be ruled by Ho
South Vietnam to be ruled by Ngo Dinh Diem
Vietnam forces pull out of South
French out of North
Elections to unite Vietnam to be held in July 1956
1955 October Diem elected as president ­ but elections rigged
USA backed Diem, however....
Diem was Catholic and his government therefore was full
of Catholics
He persecuted Buddists
In protest, monks like Quang Duc would set themselves
alight
Madame Nhu was deeply hated
Diem ruled as dictator
End of Diem's terror campaign elimated almost all of Vietminh
1950s supporters
1959 North orders Vietminh to begin terror campaign against officials
*Average 4000 South Vietnamese officials a year
Kennedy becomes president
Not prepared for combat troops in Vietnam therefore he sent
16,000 advisors and military experts to train the AVRN
1960 Ho set up NLF to oppose Diem's regime
Aim: remove Diem and land reformation
NLF active in South Vietnam
1961 US$270 million military support
Kennedy realised that Diem was too unpopular
1st November 1963 ­ Coup d'état ­ overthrow Diem

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November 1963 ­ Diem was shot
Diem's unpopular government = more support for Vietcong
Governments after Diem were short lived
1962 Strategic Hamlet's policy
Aim: to provide greater security in the countryside
Involved: moving people into fortified villages guarded by troops
but this caused resentment
Therefore more support for VC
End of Nearly 60,000 guerrilla groups in South Vietnam all supplied
1964 by the Ho Chi Minh trail
1964 Gulf of Tonkin
2nd August ­ US destroyer Maddox fired by North Vietnamese
patrol boats
4th…read more

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US
troops
walked
into traps
USA and
ARVN =
more
unpopular
o Sim
ple
tacti
cs
help
ed
Ho
to
be
succ
essfu
l but
relie
d on
the
local
s to
hide
the
VC
whe
n
nece
ssar
y.…read more

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Up
to
40,0
00
peo
ple
wor
ked
to
keep
the
Ho
Chi
Min
h
trail
open
.
o 11%
of
US
deat
hs
were
caus
ed
by
boo
by
traps
.…read more

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­
che
mica
ls
Age
nt
Ora
nge
­
destr
oys
Jungl
e,
used
82
milli
on
litres
of it
Nap
alm
­
burn
s
victi
ms
at
800
degr
ees
C
This
only
gain
ed
mor
e
supp
ort
for
the
VC
Between VC killed estimated 27,000 civilians
1966 &
1967
1967 Martin Luther King joined antiwar movement…read more

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Worry: most recruits = coloured
st
1968 31 Jan Tet Offensive
VC launched massive attack on over 100 cities and towns in
South Vietnam
Why?
Public holiday ­ half ARVN on leave
War unpopular in USA ­ "defeat" might get the USA out of
Vietnam
Results
Hué destroyed
3000 ARVN casualties
Americans having seen the VC reach the US embassy were
convinced that war couldn't be won
1500 US casualties
16th March My Lai Massacre
Lieutenant Calley and his platoon wiped out the village of…read more

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May 200 Hard Hats cheered when they attacked antiwar protestors
May Kent State University
4 students killed
Sparks off 400 protests and strikes
1971 February South Vietnamese troops and US air support invade Laos
1972 February Nixon visits China
May Moscow Summit
October Agreements reached
N. Vietnam dropped demand to replace Thieu with
coalition
NVA to remain in control in the areas they occupied
All US P.O.…read more

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