Edexcel Baroque, Handel.

Revision notes on The Glory of the Lord by Handel

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Music GCSE Notes Key Words
Affection - the mood of a piece
Diatonic - notes or chords belonging to or literally 'of
The Baroque Era: 1600-1750 the key'
Homophonic - musical texture comprising a melody
G.F Handel part and accompaniment
Melodic - refers to the melody line
'And the Glory of the Lord' Monophonic - a musical texture of a single melodic line
with no accompaniment
From the Oratorio Messiah (1742) Polyphonic - a musical texture featuring two or more
parts, each having a melody line and sounding together
Oratorio - Large-scale musical setting for chorus,
soloists and archestra of a biblical text
Features Libretto - the text/words of a musical work such as an
Ornamented melodic parts opera or oratorio
Diatonic chords I, IV, V, II and VI Recitative - a style used in which the texts is
'basso continuo' - usually played by cello 'declaimed' (told) in the rhythm of natural speech
Musical textures Hemiola - in triple time, this is a harmonic device often
Harpsichord - harmonies used towards a cadence point, in which notes are
Stringed instruments and brass grouped in beat units
Either loud or soft Imitative - literally separate parts copying each other
The piece has 4 main ideas, each relating to a separate line of the text.
And the glo - ry, the glo - ry of the Lord
Idea 1: 'And the glory of the Lord' Idea 2: 'Shall be revealed'
The first three notes (ACE) outline a triad (A major) Built up of two one-bar descending sequences
Has a stepwise scale ending Melismatic (several notes to a syllable)
Mainly syllabic
Idea 3: 'And all flesh shall see it together' Idea 4: 'For the mouth of the Lord has spoken it'
Repetitive idea consisting of three statements of the descending fourth idea Long dotted minims
Gives impression of firm statement Same notes (A and B)
Emphasise words
All four of the ideas are contrasted so the when Handel combines them together each melody is heard
Minor key avoided Triple time metre 3/4 Whole movement conveys joyfulness through the words and key
A major key
Modulates to the dominant E major Contrapuntal Staggered entrances of voices
Allegro tempo marking
And the dominant of the dominant B major
Adagio ending with all the voices together Much use is made of imitation.
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