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They are made of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
Organic compounds
Act as a stored source of energy in animals and
Provide structure to a cell wall…read more

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Joined by CONDENSATION reactions to for other saccharides
Made of 1 sugar molecule and are small
(CH O) - is the number of carbon atoms in the
2 n n
molecule. (have between 3 and 7 C atoms.)
Examples: glucose, galactose and fructose. ­ all have 6 C
atoms and are called HEXOSE sugars = C6H12O6.
5 C atoms are called PENTOSE sugars and 3 are called TRIOSE
sugars, the clue is in the number (a trio is a group of three, a
pentagon has 5 sides and a hexagon has 6
Carbon, hydrogen and oxygen ratio is 1:2:1
Found in fruit, nectar and milk…read more

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The main sugar used in all cells for RESPIRATION.
Starch and glycogen are polymers of glucose which are
joined together in subunits
Can exist in a circular formation or in a straight line
It contains; CH2OH,
5 free Cs,
one free O,
two OHs
four free Hs
Each carbon atom has 2 Hs
and one O attached to it…read more

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2 single sugar units combined in a condensation
Sucrose, maltose (2 glucoses) and lactose
Found in germinating seeds, phloem tissue,
fruit and milk…read more

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Formed by 2 glucose molecules in a
condensation reaction
The bond is called a GLYCOSIDIC link/bond
Called a 1,4 glycosidic bond as it forms between
carbon 1 on one molecule and carbon 4 on the
other…read more

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