Edexcel A2 Geography - superpower glossary

Key terms from the Superpower Geographies section of the Edexcel A2 Geography course.

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  • Created by: Rory
  • Created on: 13-10-13 15:53
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Superpower Glossary
Superpower ­ a nation which is able to project its power and influence anywhere in the world. It is a
dominant global force.
Imperialism ­ a relationship of political, economic or cultural control between geographic areas.
Colonialism ­ the political rule of a nation by another.
Colonisation ­ the physical settling of people from a colonial power within their colony.
Colonial rule ­ control by one power over an area or people however it also extends to other powers.
Hegemony ­ leadership or dominance especially by one country or social group
Neo-colonialism ­ a form of indirect control over developing countries, most of them former colonies.
BRIC ­ Brazil, Russia, India and China.
British Empire ­ a former empire consisting of Great Britain and its dependencies, possessions and
dominions
Inward investment ­ injection of money from an outside source into a region
Foreign direct investment ­ direct investment into production or business in a country by an individual or
company in another country
UN ­ United Nations
NATO ­ North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
WTO ­ World Trade Organisation
IMF ­ International Monetary Fund
World Bank ­ international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital
programmes
Inter-governmental organisation (IGO) ­ group or organisation made up of different member states eg UN or
the EU
Americanisation ­ the influence the United States has on the culture of other countries
Import ­ to bring a good or goods into a country usually crossing a foreign border
Export ­ goods produced in one country are shipped to another country for sale
Global culture ­ American cultural imperialism, spread of American consumer culture and the
McDonaldisation of the world.
Globalisation ­ economic process of increased global interdependence and connectedness resulting from
trade, communication, migration and financial benefits.
Anti-globalisation ­ umbrella term for a group of different protest causes inc. third world debt, child labour,
animal rights and environmentalism
Rory Sheridan

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