Ecologism Philosophers

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A2 Government & Politics Ecologism
Thinkers
Arne Naess
Deep ecology
Romanticism, science and philosophy fundamental bases of Ecologism
Romance: humans have a deep spiritual relationship with nature, largely lost in modern,
complex civilisation
Ecosophy: On a personal level we seek to achieve self-realisation: Naess emphasises the
search for total harmony with the natural world we inhabit; the highest level of human
consciousness is to reach an understanding that we have relationships with the whole of
nature and that all parts of nature are interconnected
"We must realize that when basic needs have been met, human development is about being more,
not having more."
James Lovelock
Gaia
"Evolution is a tightly coupled dance, with life and the material environment as partners. From the
dance emerges the entity Gaia."
"Life does more than adapt to the Earth. It changes the Earth to its own purposes."
"The oil companies regard nuclear power as their rival, who will reduce their profits, so they put out a
lot of disinformation about nuclear power."
"I suspect any worries about genetic engineering may be unnecessary. Genetic mutations have
always happened naturally, anyway."
Fritjof Capra
"Quantum theory thus reveals a basic oneness of the universe."
"Science does not need mysticism and mysticism does not need science; but man needs both."
Unit 4B: Other Ideological TraditionsPage 1

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