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Dream analysis
Marking scheme

The aims of dream analysis
Examples of the uses of dream analysis
The main features of dream analysis
Finding from identifiable research into dream analysis.

To achieve full marks you must provide links between the aims and the main assumptions of the
psychodynamic approach.



Aims
Freud…

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more acceptable symbolic form. This helps to preserve sleep and prevent you from waking
up shocked at the images. As a result, confusing and cryptic dream images occur.
According to Freud, the reason you struggle to remember your dreams, is because the
superego is at work. It is doing its…

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Symbolic nature of dreams

For Freud dreams are the mind's attempt to disguise the real underlying meaning of these
repressed wishes. They act as a `psychic safety valve' allowing us to release what would
otherwise be potentially damaging desires. At night we carry out dreamwork in which the
latent content…

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Sexual act Driving a car, riding a horse, entering a room,

climbing stairs or ladders, train entering a

tunnel... Watch the love scene in Naked Gun

for other examples!




Freud classified the images into the following 5 processes:
1. DISPLACEMENT
This occurs when the desire for one thing or person…

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subject. Secondary revision makes the dream more palatable to waking thought, similar to the
way we automatically attempt to make waking experiences more coherent.


Using dream analysis in therapy
Dream analysis consists of reversing the process that created the manifest content. Free
association can be used to uncover the latent…

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Conversely, as Hayes (1994) points out, surely if dreams were about wish fulfilment then we
would dream far more about food. In fact food makes relatively rare appearances in dreams.
Many dreams are not disguised at all. We often dream about events that have happened
during the day and they…

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