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Slide 1

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Disruption to the formation &
maintenance of attachment
Privation & institutionalisation…read more

Slide 2

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A lack of necessities of life. In the context of
attachment, privation refers to complete lack
of emotional care (attachments), especially
during the first few years of life. Such a lack of
emotional care results in no attachments
being formed. This is due to lack of an
attachment figure. It has been proposed that
this lack of early attachment results in
permanent harm to emotional and social
development (affectionless psychopathy)…read more

Slide 3

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Research into privation
· Koluchova ­ the `Czech twins' spent the first 7 years of
their lives locked up by a step mother and were unable
to talk when found. They were then well cared for by
two loving sisters and, by age 14 had near-normal
intellectual and social functioning. By the age of 20
they were above average intelligence and had
excellent relationships with others.
· This could be because the twins had each other and
therefore had some attachment.
· They were also found earlier than Genie (next slide)…read more

Slide 4

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Further research...
· Curtiss ­ described the case of Genie who was
locked up by her father for having learning
difficulties, she was tied to a potty by day and
tied in a sleeping bag at night. She was never
allowed to communicate. She was rescued at
13, but never fully recovered even with
psychological help.…read more

Slide 5

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Evaluation of research into privation
· Case studies are very unique and therefore no
generalisation can be made from them
· case studies however give in depth an
detailed accounts for human privation that
cannot be deliberately caused for ethical
reasons.…read more

Slide 6

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· Institutionalisation happens when children
spend long periods of time living in an
institution such as an orphanage.
· This sort of experience is privation or if
children form attachments usually deprivation
but institutionalisation shows distinctive
patterns of attachment behaviour and
therefore think of it as a phenomenon in its
own right.…read more

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