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Discuss the researches into breakdown of romantic
Steve ducks (2007) suggests, relationships are a little like cars, in that
they can have `accidents' for many reasons. Sometimes it is the `driver's' fault,
sometimes it is a mechanical failure that causes the accident and sometimes it
is the action of other road users. Like a car a poorly maintained relationship is
more at risk of breakdown.
Duck believed there were two types of causes for the dissolution of
relationships: Predisposing factors that are personality issues, such as
individual bad habits or incompatible emotional stability. And the other is
Precipitating factors that includes outside issues, such as exterior influences
(love rivals) process features (long work hours) emergent properties (lack of
direction) and attributing the blame on the other partner.
Duck(1984) suggested four stages model for breakdown of relationships
: first Intra-Psychic phase that where one partner perceives dissatisfaction in
the relationship. Second Dyadic phase that when dissatisfaction is discussed.
Opportunity to resolve. Social phase that when breakup is made public.
(Negotiation of children, finances and belongings occurs, family and friends are
involved.) and last Grave Dressing phase that where both partners establish
their view of the breakup, protecting self esteem.
Duck (1999) also saw lack of skills (sexually inexperienced) lack of
motivation (perceiving inequality) and lack of maintenance (spending time
apart) as other important factors contributing to the dissolution of romantic
Cina et al.(2003) compared 50 couples (average length of relationship 12
years) who received CCET training with a control group who did not. Results
showed that the CCET group reported much higher marital quality after
training compared to the control group. Therefore it support the Duck's
research , which strengthen the validity and reliability of the experiment.
Holt and Stone (1988) found that there was little decrease in relationship
satisfaction as long as lovers are able to reunite regularly. that supported the
Duck's research and corroborate the validity of the experiment.
However, Kassin (1996) found that women are more likely to stress
unhappiness and incompatibility as reasons for dissolution, whereas men will
blame lack of sex. The study reports that women will typically wish to remain
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This suggests some gender differences
that the research does not consider.
Argyle (1988) found that women identified lack of emotional support as a
reason for dissolution, while men cited absence of fun. Therefore, suggesting
gender differences that the model does not explain. So there might be some
lack of validity for the research.
Akert (1992) reported that the person who instigated the breakup of the
relationship will suffer less negative consequences than the non-instigator,
suggesting individual differences that the model did not included.…read more
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How ever this experiment would have poor sample group as the
participants were students. Therefore the findings might not be reliable for
other groups in society. So it may not be generalisable for whole population.
Also the method that they used for this research might have demand
characteristic as the participants might answer the survey with desirable
answers and answers that it is more acceptable in society. Therefore there
might be some lack of validity for this research.…read more