Disadvantages of the Scientific Method (Structure)

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Discuss the disadvantages of the use of the scientific method in psychology
(15 marks): PLAN
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Intro: Scientific
Method: T
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Disad 1: External One disadvantage of the scientific method is that, although it is
Validity: high in reliability, it is low in external validity. This is because
the scientific research involves controlled variables in artificial
settings. Participants' behaviour may not paint a true picture of
real life behaviour due to these artificial conditions. Low
ecological validity and psychology is difficult to generalise.…read more

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Research: Milgram (1963): Obedience controlled observation could be a
reflection of 'how helpful p's are in the experiments' rather than
a study of obedience to authority. Did the p's change their
behaviour to be helpful to the experimenter? Were some p`s
more obedient due to confounding variables such as their own
confidence or assertiveness?
Disad 2: Reductionist: This is a disadvantage because it takes a nomothetic
approach to psychology which is idiographic.…read more

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