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First Past The Post Votes
First-past-the-post is used to elect MPs to the House
of Commons and for local elections in England and
Wales.
Under first-past-the-post, the UK or local authority is
divided into numerous voting areas, i.e.
constituencies or wards. At a general or local
election, voters put a cross (X) next to their preferred
candidate on a ballot paper.
Ballot papers are then counted and the candidate
that has received the most votes is elected to
represent the constituency or ward…read more

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Alternative Voting
This is a semi-proportional voting system
The AV system asks voters to rank candidates in
order of preference. People can nominate as many
preferences as they like. Only first preference votes
are counted initially. Anyone getting more than 50%
of these is elected automatically. If that doesn't
happen, the candidate with the fewest votes is
eliminated and their second choices allocated to the
remaining candidates in a second round of counting…read more

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Supplementary Voting
The Supplementary Vote system is used to elect the Mayor of
London and other elected mayors in England and Wales.
The SV system is very similar to the AV system. Under SV,
voters are limited to a first and second preference choice. A
voter marks a cross in one column for their first preference
candidate and another cross in a second column for their
second preference (if they wish to do so).
The ballot papers are counted and if a candidate received more
than 50 per cent of the first preference votes on the first count,
then they are elected.…read more

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The List System
The List System is a voting system which involves
multi-member constituencies, where the elector
votes not for individual candidates but for a list of a
particular party. The system was introduced for
British elections to the European Parliament from
1999. Seats in the constituency are allocated
between the parties according to their proportions of
the vote in that constituency. Seats are allocated to
individual candidates according to their position on
the party list. Mid-term vacancies are filled by the
next candidate on that party's list.…read more

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The Single Transferable Vote system
The Single Transferable Vote system is used to elect the Deputy Speakers in the House of
Commons. STV is also used for electing the Northern Ireland Assembly, local elections in
Scotland and Northern Ireland and European Parliament elections in Northern Ireland.
Multi-member constituencies are required for STV which means constituencies are
normally larger but elect several representatives rather than just one.
Under STV, voters rank candidates in order of preference by marking 1, 2, 3 and so on
next to the names of candidates on a ballot paper. A voter can rank as many or as few
candidates as they like or just vote for one candidate.
Each candidate needs a minimum number of votes to be elected. This number is
calculated according to the number of seats and votes cast and is called a quota.The first
preference votes for each candidate are added up and any candidate who has achieved
this quota is elected.
If a candidate has more votes than are needed to fill the quota, that candidate's surplus
votes are transferred to the remaining candidates. Votes that would have gone to the
winner instead go to the second preference listed on those ballot papers.
If candidates do not meet the quota, the candidate with the fewest first preference votes is
eliminated and the second preference votes are transferred to other candidates. These
processes are repeated until all the seats are filled.…read more

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