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The common form of diabetes which most people are aware of is Diabetes mellitus. Diabetes is a condition

where the amount of glucose in the blood is too high because the cells of the body cannot take up glucose as

they should. As the blood glucose level rises,…

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Causes & Risk Factors

There are numerous risk factors that will increase a person's chances of developing type 2 diabetes the

more risk factors that apply, the greater their risk of developing the condition (Fosbery 1997).

There is an increased likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes if a close member…

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within their community is increasing and may eventually reach the same proportions seen in Western

societies (Helman 2007).


If someone is aware they are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes based on any of the aforementioned

criteria, they can take preventative measures. The advice is to follow a…

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cardiovascular disorders such as atherosclerosis, heart disease, stroke and reduced circulation. The

fluctuating glucose levels increase the chance of fatty material building up on the arterial walls, narrowing

them or even blocking them completely (Davey, Rose et al 1991). Reduced circulation can lead to gangrene

in the arms and legs…

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The aim of treatment is to achieve blood glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol levels as near to

normal as possible. This, together with a healthy lifestyle, will help to improve wellbeing and protect

against longterm damage to the eyes, kidneys, heart and major arteries (Fosbery 1997).

Psychological & Social Factors…

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depression are manageable conditions that only get worse if ignored and both can leave people feeling

weak, helpless and alone (Fox & Kilvert 2007). A report published by Diabetes UK (2005) however,

highlighted the lack of recognition and psychological support for people with diabetes.

More than half of men with…

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It is evident that type 2 diabetes is primarily a disease of the Western world (Helman 2007). Although

genetics play a small part in increasing an individual's susceptibility to diabetes, it appears the indulgent diets

and sedentary lifestyles of those living in Western society, make a significant contribution to…

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Becker, G. (2004) Type 2 Diabetes: The First Year An Essential Guide for the Newly
Diagnosed. London: Robinson Publishing

Crowley, L. V. (1992) Introduction to Human Diseases. London: Jones & Bartlett

Davey, B. Rose, S. et al. (1991) The Biology of Health and Disease. Milton Keynes: The Open

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Williams, G. Pickup, J. C. (2004) The Handbook of Diabetes. California: WileyBlackwell


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