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WHAT IS IT?
It is when a person has a high blood sugar because the body is unable to produce
or respond to insulin.
There are two types:
Type I ­ Juvenile ­ the body fails to produce insulin and so injection of insulin
from a secondary source (e.g. bacteria) is needed.
Type II ­ Adult-onset ­ there is an insulin-resistance within the body and its
cells. Sometimes combined with insulin deficiency.…read more

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TYPES
Type I - Juvenile Type II ­ Adult-onset
Body's immune system attacks and -cells do not produce enough insulin.
destroys -cells. A mutation in the glycoprotein
Unable to produce insulin. receptors.
Blood-glucose levels rise. Insulin is ineffective against high
Can cause serious damage to organs. blood glucose levels.
~10% of all diabetes cases are of this ~90% of all diabetes cases are of this
type. type.…read more

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SYMPTOMS & HAZARDS
Symptoms include:
Polyuria (frequent urination)
Polydipsia (increased thirst)
Polyphagia (increased hunger)
Weight loss ­ specific to Type I
It can cause:
Heart disease
Strokes
Diabetic retinopathy
Kidney failure
Poor circulation…read more

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HOW ARE THEY TREATED?
Type I Type II
Insulin injection. Lifestyle changes
There are 6 types of insulin: Medication such as:
Rapid-acting analogues Metformin
Long-acting analogues
Shorting-acting insulins
Medium/long-acting insulins
Mixed insulins
Mixed analogues…read more

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