Slides in this set
WHAT IS IT?
It is when a person has a high blood sugar because the body is unable to produce
or respond to insulin.
There are two types:
Type I Juvenile the body fails to produce insulin and so injection of insulin
from a secondary source (e.g. bacteria) is needed.
Type II Adult-onset there is an insulin-resistance within the body and its
cells. Sometimes combined with insulin deficiency.…read more
Type I - Juvenile Type II Adult-onset
Body's immune system attacks and -cells do not produce enough insulin.
destroys -cells. A mutation in the glycoprotein
Unable to produce insulin. receptors.
Blood-glucose levels rise. Insulin is ineffective against high
Can cause serious damage to organs. blood glucose levels.
~10% of all diabetes cases are of this ~90% of all diabetes cases are of this
type. type.…read more
SYMPTOMS & HAZARDS
Polyuria (frequent urination)
Polydipsia (increased thirst)
Polyphagia (increased hunger)
Weight loss specific to Type I
It can cause:
Poor circulation…read more
HOW ARE THEY TREATED?
Type I Type II
Insulin injection. Lifestyle changes
There are 6 types of insulin: Medication such as:
Rapid-acting analogues Metformin
Mixed analogues…read more