First 261 words of the document:
Simile when you say something is like something else.
Metaphor when you say something is something else.
Dramatic irony when the audience knows something that the characters
Euphemism a way to soften language.
Synecdoche when a part is used to represent a whole (e.g. England lost
20. what you mean is the English team lost 20).
Litote an understatement
Hyperbole an exaggeration.
Iambic pentameter the rhythm the words form in each line.
Assonance stressing of the vowel sounds.
Sibilance the stressing of the`s' sounds.
Consonance stressing/repetition of the consonants.
Alliteration repetition of the initial letters.
Onomatopoeia A word that sounds like how you say it.
Homonym same sound different meaning.
Synonym sounds different, means the same.
Juxtaposition a contradiction used to contrast two things (e.g. he liked
coffee, she liked tea).
Transferred epithet when the meaning is put on to something else.
Oxymoron two contrasting words put together to make a new meaning (e.g.
bitter sweet or love hate).
Personification giving an object a living quality.
Tone the light in which the text is written, light or dark tone.
Sentence structure how the sentence is shaped.
Punctuation everything in text that is not a letter or number (e.g. ! ? ( ) ).
Structure/discourse the way in which the text is put together.
Narrative voice who's the narrator? 1st, 2nd, 3rd person.
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Short or long vowel sounds
long, short, complex, simple, minor, compound
Chronological, flashbacks, preambles, postscripts, tense shifts, chapters
Repetition of phrases
Short, blunt words
Elevated lexis (posh words)