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Lara Al-Wakeel Psychology Revision Developmental

The Learning Explanation of attachment

Outline Evaluation
We are all born as a `blank slate' Supported by animal research conducted by Skinner and Thorndike (early 1900s)
Attachments are based on feeding (cupboard love). who both found that animals can be conditioned to behave in specific…

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Lara Al-Wakeel Psychology Revision Developmental

Types of Attachment

Outline Evaluate
Mary Ainsworth (1970) conducted the Strange Situation ­ a controlled lab Controlled Lab Observation which minimised other variables, therefore showing a
observation ­ with American children aged between 12-18 months. clear relationship between attachment types and parenting style. This means…

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Lara Al-Wakeel Psychology Revision Developmental

Outline Evaluation
Robertson and Robertson (1969) conducted case studies of children who were This research gives us a valuable insight into how children cope when separated and
naturally separated from their mothers for short periods of time in the 1940s and tells us that we…

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Lara Al-Wakeel Psychology Revision Developmental

Failure to form attachment (Privation)
Outline Evaluation
Privation occurs when an individual suffers a complete lack of attachment. Privation The research can be used to support Bowlby's Evolutionary Theory and makes it very
can be physical or emotional. clear to Psychology what can happen when…

Page 5

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Lara Al-Wakeel Psychology Revision Developmental

children adopted after 6 months old had problems developing attachments and Hodges and Tizard conducted a longitudinal study which has allowed us to see the
displayed disinhibited attachments and had poor peer relations. effects of emotional privation over a long period of time. This has…

Page 6

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Lara Al-Wakeel Psychology Revision Developmental

development than children who were looked after social desirability when asked to report on their
in family settings. children. As a result, we need to take day care
studies with a `pinch of salt' in terms of their
reliability and validity.

Day care research has…


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