Developmental Approach & Studies Summary


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  • Created on: 31-05-11 20:20
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- People develop in a series of progressive stages starting in childhood.
Assumption - Children learn through Social Learning Theory, that this is dependent on their experiences.
Developmental - Cognitive, emotional and behavioural development is an ongoing process and that such changes result from an
interaction of nature and nurture.
Approach Studies Strengths Weaknesses
Samuel and Many developmental Samples are limited, so it
Development Bryant studies are longitudinal is hard to generalise
Bandura et al Contributions to findings
al Freud development of Lack of reliability/validity
children in measurement of
children's behaviour
Studies Important Background Research/Information/Theories
- Supported by Social Learning Theory which claims individuals learn by imitating role
Bandura: Transmission of
models and identifying behaviours that reap rewards/punishments.
Developmental aggression through imitation of
- Allows to debate nature/nurture on aggression, are we born aggressive or does
aggressive models.
our upbringing affect our behaviour?

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Samuel & Bryant: Asking only - Replicating study by Rose and Blank into conservation by challenging Piaget's
one question in the conservation method (asking pre and post transformation questions)
- Oedipus complex suffered by Hans, participant. Conflict between boy's desire for
Freud: Analysis of a phobia in a 5 mother and fear that father will punish this by castrating him occurs during phallic
year old boy. stage of development.
- Psychosexual stages of development: oral stage, anal stage, phallic stage.…read more

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Samuel To challenge Lab Experiment - 252 boys and girls from a variety of Devon schools and pre-schools. Four age - Children perform better
&Bryant Piaget's findings controlled groups of 63 each, 5 year 3months, 6 years 3months, 7 years 3 months, 8 in the conservation task
by altering the Independent years three months. Then divided further into conditions: if they are asked one
method used by measures design Standard, One-judgement, Fixed Array (control) consisting of 21 children from each question after the
Piaget.…read more


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