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Development Case Studies

HDI ­ Kazakhstan worsening education, economies and mortality rates = decline of HDI
- Sub Saharan Africa HIV/AIDS is the biggest reason for HDI decline

Factors Effecting Development
Social Economic Political Environ-men Life expectancy [m/w] GNI
tal (US $)

Zimbabwe Slums, collapse of No jobs, main exports…

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Thames Water (UK) ­ investment, private company contracts, local people ­ jobs (2,000) ­ Kampong Investment Programme, provides services.
Improved basic services.
1,600 connected to water supply, 1/3 price of vendor, health benefits.

- Grand Inga Project, Congo
Politically corrupt, poor maintenance, existing dams, no power for locals, mistakes been…

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India ­ rice, cotton and tomato testing Thailand

China ­ 4th largest GM seed provider Sri Lanka ­ banned until further testing


Japan trade surplus ­ buys cheap r. Materials and sells expensive manufactured goods
Kenya trade deficit- buy expensive and sells cheap raw materials
Implications = no development…

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Emergancy Aid
Charity funded; not sustainable; quick help
Generates dependency; clean and safe water; limited in range
Government can take aid for themselves

Charity funded well
Simple built ­ easy to maintain; long term sustainable use; health benefits
Crowds; specific locations
Not tied

Top down aid ­ Akosombo Dam, Ghana…


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